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(AUSTRALIA) Aboriginal Lawsuit Report: Government will pay A$2m (£1.1m; $1.4m) in compensation to hundreds of Aboriginal people who said a welfare scheme was racist #AceNewsDesk report

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#AceNewsReport – Dec.24: The government settled a lawsuit but did not admit it was at fault: Several people had struggled to survive after having their payments cut off, advocates said.

#AceDailyNews says according to BBC Australia News Report: The “work for the dole” scheme required people in remote outback communities to work up to 25 hours a week to receive income benefits, but its strict requirements meant that many vulnerable people were pushed further into poverty, critics said.

Aboriginal community in Australia
Aboriginal communities argued the welfare policy breached anti-discrimination laws

Australia controversially requires welfare recipients to record job searches and other tasks in order to receive payments.

But advocates say these requirements disadvantage Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in some of Australia’s poorest and most isolated communities.

Residents there have limited access to phone, internet and transport services. Many face additional language, cultural, education and health barriers.

Critics argued the Community Development Programme (CDP), introduced in 2015, was racist because it set harsher rules than other welfare schemes. Over 80% of those using the CDP were Aboriginal Australians.

A group representing 680 people in 10 communities in Western Australia sued the government, arguing the scheme breached anti-discrimination laws.

Damien McLean, president of the Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku, said locals had to travel 1,000km (620 miles) to the nearest town centres of Alice Springs or Kalgoorlie to represent themselves in person at a welfare office.

They were also required to work double the hours of those in cities and were 25 times more likely to face penalties, the Australian National University found.

The Federal Court of Australia found that people in the lawsuit had lost about A$1,800 each on average, due to the programme’s conditions.

Critics had previously described the scheme as “modern-day slavery”. People were typically paid just A$10 an hour – half the national minimum wage.

Earlier this year, the government announced it would axe the programme and introduce a new one by 2023. 

Last year, it was also forced to pay a A$1.2bn settlement over a welfare policy dubbed “Robodebt” that had been ruled illegal.

#AceNewsDesk report …………Published: Dec.24: 2021:

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(LONDON) Animal Welfare Bill Report: A group of Conservative MPs argue recognising animal ‘Sentience’ for their capacity to feel pain and that it should be included in a law to protect them #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – June.20: It currently says fish, and other vertebrates which feel pain, should be protected as much as possible:

MPs: Octopuses feel pain and need legal protection: The Animal Welfare (Sentience) Bill recognises animal sentience – which is the capacity of animals to have feelings, including pain and suffering and animals like lobsters and octopus are not currently protected by the bill because as invertebrates, their body is different to ours, so they aren’t thought to have those complex feelings, says a report by the Conservative Animal Welfare Foundation (CAWF).

Kindness & LoveX❤️ says as animals looked after us we should have domain over their rights now and protect them now and always Amen

By Manish Pandey
Newsbeat reporter

Octopus
Getty Image:

When you think of an octopus or lobster, what comes to mind? Seafood or intelligent marine life?and with UK to be ‘global leader’ on animal welfare it under discussion like never before:

MP’s want more protection to animals like this lobster

The report says arguments against recognising these species focuses on physical differences between these animals and humans – but this fails to understand what it means for an animal to have feelings.

It says those species “undoubtedly experience the world in extremely different ways to ourselves,” but what matters is whether they feel pleasure and pain.

‘They should be protected more’

“Animals have helped us quite a lot, so we should return the favour and help them,” marine biologist Emily Sullivan tells Radio 1 Newsbeat.

The 25-year-old manages the research aquarium at the Marine Biological Association, which means she’s worked with lots of invertebrates such as octopus, lobster, crabs, crayfish and cuttlefish.

She feels they should be recognised in the bill – which is currently in the House of Lords.

Marine Biological AssociationEmily finds it amazing to work with so many different species

There are already regulations around using animals in scientific research, including octopus and squid – though not all species. 

“The aim of that is to minimise pain, stress and suffering in research,” Emily says.

“I personally do think they can recognise and feel pain, so should be protected more.” 

Having interacted with lots of these species, Emily feels they are self-aware and understand what’s around them.

“It definitely varies between species, and it’s not the same level for all of them. But for example cuttlefish, related to octopus, are very intelligent,” she says.

“The ones we have here, when you walk past their tank they come up and have a look, see what you’re doing and definitely respond. You can see them watching you.”

Emily feels it’s clear when they feel pain or suffering “because their behaviour changes a lot”.

“They become quite lethargic and their appetite changes. That’s true for a lot of the animals, including crabs and lobsters.”

Emily says including them in the bill will have a big impact on the animals themselves because “they aren’t really protected or regulated much”.

The report found the UK fishing fleet lands more than 420 million of species such as squid, octopus, crabs and lobsters each year, and says “with so many individuals at stake”, it’s important to be cautious even if there’s not complete certainty these animals are sentient.

Marine Biological Association”Just being around the marine environment has a really positive impact on mental health and well-being,” Emily says

The new animal welfare legislation will mean any new government policy will have to take into account that vertebrate animals can experience feelings including pain or joy. 

That will be decided by a committee made up of animal experts from within the field. 

A spokeswoman from the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs told Newsbeat the UK was “proud to have some of the highest animal welfare standards in the world”.

“We are fully committed to strengthening them further to ensure all animals avoid any unnecessary pain, distress or suffering,” she said.

She added there is already a review on the feelings of species such as octopus, cuttlefish and squid and the government will “carefully consider the results” of this.

#AceNewsDesk report …….Published: Jun.20: 2021:

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports by https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all our posts, also links can be found at here for Twitter and Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com