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Peace Truth

JAPAN AT WAR

Was the United States justified in the atomic bomb, bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Bertrand Russell had this to say in On Nuclear Morality (1962) KPFA Interview with Mike Tigar.

Mike Tigar question:

“Was it right having made the atom bomb, to then drop it on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?”

[Russell interrupts question]

Bertrand Russell answer:

“Oh, no. Oh, no! That was a dastardly and most wanton piece of cruelty. The Japanese were beaten by that point and they were going to surrender quite soon. There is no point whatever dropping the first bomb, and when you dropped the first there is still less point in dropping the second. Both were wanton acts of great cruelty. The Americans had made this “wonderful weapon” and they wanted to show it off and it slain hundreds of thousands of people …
[cough]
… Well, they thought that was only a detail.”

Bertrand Russell, On Nuclear Morality with Mike Tigar (1962)

On 6 August 1945, the Japanese city of Hiroshima suffered an atomic bombing by the United States during the final stages of World War II. The bomb exploded at 8:15 a.m., killing 140,000 people – around half the population of the southern Japanese port city. Some 70,000 people were killed instantly. Russell continues in his first anti- nuclear warfare essay The Bomb and Civilization (1945):

“It is impossible to imagine a more dramatic and horrifying combination of scientific triumph with political and moral failure than has been shown to the world in the destruction of Hiroshima. From the scientific point of view, the atomic bomb embodies the results of a combination of genius and patience as remarkable as any in the history of mankind.

One is tempted to feel that Man is being punished, through the agency of his evil passions, for impiety in inquiring too closely into the hidden secrets of nature. But such a feeling is unduly defeatist.

Science is capable of conferring enormous boons: it can lighten labor, abolish poverty, and enormously diminish disease. But if science is to bring benefits instead of death, we must bring to bear upon the social, and especially international, organization, the intelligence of the same high order that has enabled us to discover the structure of the atom. To do this effectively we must free ourselves from the domination of ancient shibboleths, and think freely, fearlessly, and rationally about the new and appalling problems with which the human race is confronted by its conquest of scientific power.”

Image: Alfred Eisenstaedt’s photograph of a mother and child in the radioactive wasteland of 1945 Hiroshima.

Substantial debate continues to exist over the ethical, legal, and military aspects of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Supporters of the bombings generally assert they caused the Japanese surrender, preventing massive casualties on both sides in the planned invasion of Japan. Those who oppose the bombings argue it was militarily unnecessary, inherently immoral, a war crime, or a form of state terrorism for which no one has ever, or will be convicted.

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World History & Research Reports

#OnThisDay Mar.27: 1912: First Two Cherry Blossom Trees Planted For Festival

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#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Mar.27, 2022 @acehistorynews

Ace News Room Cutting Floor 27/03/2022

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#AceHistoryDesk #OTD Today in History – On March 27, 1912, First Lady Helen Herron Taft and the Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese ambassador, planted two Yoshino cherry trees on the northern bank of the Potomac River Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C.

The event celebrated the Japanese government’s gift of 3,000 trees to the United States. Trees were planted along the Potomac Tidal Basin near the site of the future Jefferson Memorial, in East Potomac Park, and on the White House grounds.

Views of Washington Monument, Cherry Blossoms and Tidal Basin. Theodor Horydczak, photographer, ca. 1920-1950. Horydczak Collection. Prints & Photographs Division

The text of First Lady Taft’s letter, along with the story of the cherry trees, is available from the National Park Service’s official Cherry Blossom Festival Web site. A timeline of significant events is also included.

Fifty-three years later, the Japanese government made a second gift of 3,800 cherry trees. In 1965, Mrs. Ryuji Takeuchi, wife of Ambassador Takeuchi, and First Lady Lady Bird Johnson participated in the ceremonial planting. This time, the trees were planted on the grounds of the Washington Monument.

Mrs. William Howard Taft… cMarch 16, 1909: First Ladies of the United States: Selected Images From the Collections of the Library of Congress. Prints & Photographs Division

The planting of cherry trees along the Potomac fulfilled travel writer and photographer Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore’s long and determined quest. Returning from her first trip to Japan in 1885, Scidmore advanced the idea of bringing the trees to the District of Columbia with U.S. government officials. She was ignored.

In 1909, Scidmore decided to raise money for the purchase of the trees herself. She wrote of her plans to the new First Lady, Helen Herron Taft, and received an enthusiastic response. “I have taken the matter up,” the First Lady wrote Mrs. Scidmore, “and am promised the trees.” Upon learning of the First Lady’s plans, the Japanese consul in New York broached the idea of making a gift of the trees to the U.S. government.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Mar.27: 2022:

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Ace Breaking News

BREAKING: 7.3-Magnitude Earthquake Hits Coast-Off Japan’s Fukushima prefecture

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#AceBreakingNews – (CNN) — A tsunami warning was issued by Japanese officials Wednesday following a 7.3-magnitude earthquake that hit off the coast of Fukushima prefecture, where a 2011 quake caused a disaster at a nuclear power plant.

The preliminary epicenter depth of the quake is 60 kilometers (37 miles).

The advisory warns of tsunami heights reaching up to 1 meter above normal tidal levels, with the initial waves reaching shore around midnight local time (11 a.m. ET).

According to the US Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, a Pacific-basin-wide tsunami is not expected at this time.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Mar.16: 2022:

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World History & Research Reports

#OnThisDay 1945 60,000 US Marines & Sailors Landed On Island Of Iwo Jima

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This just in from the cutting room floor 20/02/2022: 

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima

United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima

United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima

1st US One-Dollar Notes
First Photograph of a Person
Ronald Reagan is Shot
Execution of a Viet Cong Prisoner

Historical Context

In the United States this photograph has become one of the most significant and recognizable images of World War II.

Later, it became the only photograph to win the Pulitzer Prize for Photography in the same year as its publication.

The image was used by Felix de Weldon in 1954 to sculpt the Marine Corps War Memorial located adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery just outside Washington, D.C. The memorial is dedicated to all Marines who died for their country past and present.

Photo Info

Photographer: Joe Rosenthal
Date taken: February 231945
Location taken: Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, Japan

Related Events

  • 1944-07-04 1st Japanese kamikaze attack, US fleet near Iwo Jima
  • 1945-01-03 Admiral Chester Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan
  • 1945-02-19 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines
  • 1945-02-23 US Marines raise American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Pulitzer Prize winning photo of which by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
  • 1945-03-26 Allies led by US Marine Corps secure island of Iwo Jima from Imperial Japanese Army, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed
  • 1954-11-10 “Marine Corps War Memorial” unveiled in Arlington County, Virginia, dedicated to US Marine Corps who died in defense of US since 1775 (inspired by 1945 Iwo Jima photo of servicemen raising US flag)
  • 1968-06-26 Iwo Jima & Bonin Islands returned to Japan by US
#AceNewsDesk report ………….Published: Feb.20: 2022:

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Ace Daily News

JAPAN: STUDY: Rock Buried Below Ground May Act As Magnet For Earthquakes

#AceNewsReport – Feb.08: A 3D visualisation of the subsurface rock, known as Kumano Pluton, shows that it has been “diverting tectonic energy into points along its sides where several of the region’s largest earthquakes have happened”, as per researchers.

#AceDailyNews says Mountain-Sized Rock Buried Miles Beneath Japan’s Coast May Act as a ‘Magnet for Earthquakes’ or a “lightning rod” for earthquakes in the region, a new study led by researchers from the University of Texas has claimed Sputnik News

Earthquake seismograph diagram - Sputnik International, 1920, 08.02.2022

The high-definition 3D model shows the Pluton as a red bulge near the Nankai subduction zone, which is on Japan’s southern coast. Subduction zones are spots where the Earth’s tectonic plates collide or slide past each other. The regions above the zones are known to be particularly prone to earthquakes, tsunamis, or volcanic eruptions.

A part of a cliff which collapsed due to an earthquake is pictured in Shiogama, Miyagi prefecture, Japan in this photo taken by Kyodo on March 20, 2021. - Sputnik International, 1920, 28.03.2021
‘Always a Possibility’: Japan at Risk of New Devastating Earthquakes, Authorities Warn

The study marks the first time that scientists have been able to identify the “full extent” of the Kumano Pluton, which was first spotted in 2006. 

The team of researchers involved in the study pieced together seismic data collected over a span of 20 years and fed it into UT’s LoneStar5 supercomputer in order to frame the “high-definition” 3D model of the Pluton.

Shuichi Kodaira, the director of the Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology, says that the findings will help to get an idea on whether another major earthquake is building in the Nankai subduction zone. 

Kodaira co-authored a paper based on the new findings and published it in the scientific journal Nature Geoscience on 3 February.

“We cannot predict exactly when, where, or how large future earthquakes will be, but by combining our model with monitoring data, we can begin estimating near-future processes”, the Japanese geophysicist said.

The 3D model of the Pluton has also shown that it diverts buried groundwater into the Earth’s interior.

“The researchers think the pluton’s interference with the wider subduction zone is influencing the tectonic forces that cause earthquakes”, the researchers say.Adrien Arnulf, the study’s lead author and a research assistant at the University of Texas Institute for Geophysics, has described the findings as “eye opening” and said that they could lead geophysicists to mull creating 3D images of other seismically volatile spots under the Earth’s surface.

Places such as northeast Japan, New Zealand, and Cascadia in the US Pacific Northwest have other subduction zones and major quakes have hit all these regions in the past.

#AceNewsDesk report ……….Published: Feb.08: 2022:

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(MELBOURNE) JUST IN: Australia & Japan Defence Agreement Report: Thursday a new agreement to cooperate closely on defense as a breakthrough and a landmark, in the latest step to bolster security ties against the backdrop of rising Chinese military and economic might #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Jan.06: Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison held a virtual summit to seal a pact that has been in the works for several years.

#AceDailyNews says according to this breaking news report Australia & Japan sign defence pact for closer cooperation according to 06, 202210:06 AM GMTLast Updated 15 minutes ago

Japan's Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Australia's Prime Minister Scott Morrison attend a video signing ceremony of the bilateral reciprocal access agreement at Kishida's official residence in Tokyo, Japan January 6, 2022.  REUTERS/Issei Kato/Pool

Australia has been working with Japan, India, the United States and Britain to strengthen defence ties amid concerns about China, including its pressure on Taiwan, freedom of navigation in the region and trade disputes.

The Reciprocal Access Agreement (RAA), Japan’s first with any country, will allow the Australian and Japanese militaries to work seamlessly with each other on defence and humanitarian operations, Morrison said.

“Japan is our closest partner in Asia as demonstrated by our special strategic partnership, Australia’s only such partnership – an equal partnership of shared trust between two great democracies committed to the rule of law, human rights, free trade and a free and open Indo-Pacific,” Morrison said at a signing ceremony.

“The RAA is a landmark treaty which opens a new chapter for advanced defence and security co-operation of what is a complex and rapidly changing world, something you and I both understand very well,” Morrison told the Japanese leader.

Kishida called the agreement a “breakthrough” and said ties with Australia would remain a model for security cooperation with other countries, a Japanese foreign ministry official told a media briefing.

Kishida and Morrison agreed that the two sides would work to update a 2007 Japan-Australia Joint Declaration on Security Cooperation as soon as possible to set a clear direction for their ties, the official said.

The summit comes as tension over Chinese-claimed Taiwan has been rising as President Xi Jinping seeks to assert China’s sovereignty claims over the democratically ruled island.

Kishida and Morrison underscored the importance of peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait and encouraged the peaceful resolution of issues, according to a joint statement issued after the summit.

Before the meeting, Morrison said stronger ties with Japan were needed “to deal with a new and even more challenging environment, particularly within the Indo-Pacific”.

Japan has a status of forces agreement with the United States, which allows the United States to base warships, fighter jets and thousands of troops in and around Japan as part of an alliance that Washington describes as the bedrock of regional security.

Kishida had been due to travel to Australia on Thursday but scrapped the trip to tackle a surge in COVID-19 cases in Japan.

Reuters: Reporting by Sonali Paul, Kiyoshi Takenaka Editing by Robert Birsel

#AceNewsDesk report ……….Published: Jan.06: 2022:

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World History & Research Reports

(JAPAN) Jujitsu Suffragettes Report: How women fought for the vote with an ancient martial art #AceHistoryDesk report

#AceHistoryReport- Oct.21: At the dawn of the 20th century, Edith Garrud was observing a political demonstration at the House of Commons when a police officer told her to move along. She demurely pretended to drop her handkerchief. “Excuse me, it’s you who are making an obstruction,” was her retort, and she threw the surprised man over her shoulder. She then slipped innocently through the crowd while the stunned officer attempted to regain his composure.

#AceHistoryDesk says according to BBC History Magazine as a campaign for women’s suffrage grew more extreme, so did the violence directed against it. Here, Emelyne Godfrey reveals how suffragettes fought back by mastering an ancient Japanese martial art ……..This article was first published in the December 2012 issue

Suffragettes photographed in a dispute with the police

“The last heroine left,” was how Edith (1872–1971) described herself in an interview with Godfrey Winn for Woman magazine in 1965. The interviewer was indeed impressed by Edith’s unusual adventures during the heated campaign for women’s suffrage prior to the First World War, a campaign of such historical importance that suffragettes were represented at the London 2012 Olympic opening ceremony. What is less well known is the connection between the suffragettes and the martial arts contests that featured as part of the Olympic Games.

In 1906, the Daily Mail coined the term ‘suffragettes’ to describe the female campaigners (male militants were known as ‘suffragents’) who were impatient with the peaceful methods of polite persuasion advocated by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies. One of these campaigners, Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst, founded the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) with her eldest daughter, Christabel, in Manchester in 1903.


Listen: June Purvis considers the roles of Emmeline, Christabel and Sylvia Pankhurst in the fight for women’s suffrage in Britain, on this episode of the HistoryExtra podcast:


Pankhurst’s military-style organisation employed headline-grabbing tactics such as holding demonstrations, undertaking deputations and boldly interrupting political speeches. Edith was involved with both the WSPU and headed the athletes’ branch of the more democratically structured Women’s Freedom League (WFL), which was formed in 1907.

Suffragettes risked their reputations and put themselves in physical danger. Elizabeth Robins’s hit stage play, Votes for Women!, and the successful accompanying novel, The Convert of 1907, vividly evoked the disturbing scenes of their confrontations. As Robins highlighted, a speaker at rallies had to learn not only to be persuasive but also self-assured when faced with insults from hostile crowds.

Even in society drawing rooms, when the topic of suffragettes and women’s rights entered polite conversation, chivalry often made a sharp exit. A BBC History Magazine article by June Purvis on anti-suffragette Postcards showed how militant campaigners were portrayed as unhinged, disorganised female monstrosities. As a result, the response to women behaving ‘badly’ could be vitriolic and, worse still, violent.

Read more articles about the Suffragettes

This illustration from a Women’s Social and Political Union poster condemns the force-feeding of suffragettes in 1910. Many women were subjected to this brutal procedure between 1909 and August 1914. (Museum of London)

Physical aggression

In the 19th century, violent self-defence – involving, for example, the use of knives and firearms – had come to be regarded as foreign and uncivilised. The suffragettes therefore tried, for the most part, to combat any physical aggression directed towards them with minimal aggression – and most even refrained from using their hatpins.

Hatpins may not strike us as being a particularly menacing weapon today, but back in the Edwardian era – when women’s hats were huge and the pins themselves could be up to 16 inches long – they were potentially lethal.

Newspapers and publishers were certainly alive to their dangers, filling their pages with stories of hatpin suicides, accidents and murders. In the Sherlock Holmes story, The Adventure of the Abbey Grange (1904), the evil Sir Eustace Brackenstall stabs his wife with her own hatpin.

Meanwhile, so anxious were the authorities that suffragettes might turn their hatpins into deadly weapons that they banned them in prison chapels. This inspired Katherine Willoughby Marshall – who was arrested for throwing a potato at Winston Churchill’s fanlight – to affix her headgear with a toothbrush to great comic effect.

Not all suffragettes refused to fight fire with fire. In fact, a number carried dog-whips to keep rowdies at bay. The most famous woman to wield this weapon was the Scottish suffragette Flora Drummond, who was known as ‘The General’, as she wore military-style uniforms, and as ‘The Precocious Piglet’, for cornering Winston Churchill.

Teresa Billington-Greig, a founder of the WFL, treasured her dog-whip and wrote a piece entitled The Woman with the Whip (1907), where she linked women’s political inequality with sexual harassment on the streets. Maud Arncliffe Sennett, who ran a party accessories shop in London, was arrested in 1911 for smashing the windows of the Daily Mail office. She added the receipts for her 960mm-long leather dog-whip and hammer to her scrapbook, and the whip is now kept in the Museum of London.

When the university graduate Helen Ogston interrupted Lloyd George’s speech at the Albert Hall in 1908, she wielded her whip against the stewards. She returned bruised and burnt by a cigar, but the warrior received much warm praise. “Let me touch the hand that used the dog-whip!” cried one lady at a suffragette meeting. Not everyone was so impressed though: crowds regularly sang uncomplimentary songs about whip-wielding women, while the press drew parallels between these campaigners and drunkards.

What was needed was a form of self-defence in battle that was both socially acceptable and employed minimal violence. Katherine Willoughby Marshall’s solution was to wear cardboard armour; other suffragettes hired prizefighters to protect them from attack. But soon women were learning to protect themselves in hand-to-hand combat.

Edith Garrud’s husband, William, was a jujitsu teacher. This Japanese martial art was based on the idea of applying pressure to joints, using opponents’ strength and weight against them. Jujitsu was considered ideal for people of smaller statures and Edith assisted William at his school with classes for women and children.

Following a presentation to the WSPU, Edith became a celebrity – so much so that Health & Strength, the oldest known English physical culture magazine still in print today, featured her in an amusing piece entitled ‘Ju-jutsuffragettes: A New Terror for the London Police’: “The Policemen of London are feeling rather uneasy just at present. The various arts of self-defence (boxing, wrestling, ju-jutsu, etc), have for years past formed an indispensable part of their training, but they have become extra specially keen upon perfecting themselves in those methods… The Suffragettes have taken up the study of ju-jutsu… We shall cease to read of their frantic but helpless struggles in the arms of giant constables… We shall see the prime minister as he emerges from No 10 Downing Street, seized suddenly and compelled to kneel for mercy, simply because some fair damsel has put a deadly-arm lock upon him. Mr Winston Churchill, strolling peaceably across Parliament Square, will unexpectedly find himself turning a somersault in the air.” (Health and Strength, April 1909)

Critics of women’s sport wondered whether lady athletes were ‘proper’. Would, for example, cycling render women barren, would lady cricketers develop a stoop, could swimming turn hair white, did boxing lead to an over-ruddy complexion? To counter unfavourable depictions of campaigners as being unfeminine, suffragettes who practised martial arts cultivated a dainty appearance. In photos from the upmarket Sketchmagazine, Edith wears a fashionably huge hat, which stays in place until she is on the ground. So, despite the potentially racy, close, physical nature of the sport, Edith shows that a jujitsu girl could be lithe, ladylike and respectable. Jujitsu allowed suffragettes to level the playing field without offending expectations of femininity.

Edith’s school, located just off Oxford Circus, became a refuge for suffragettes engaged in smashing windows in the West End in 1912. They would hide their hammers under the floorboards and pretend to be engaged in a jujitsu class when police officers came knocking on Edith’s door. That the jujitsu class was used as a mask for rebellious behaviour reveals the extent to which the British public had accepted jujitsu as a sport for women.

The British craze for Japan in the early 1900s

When Japan opened its doors to the west in the 19th century, it became a close ally of Britain. Suddenly, Britons became fascinated in all things Japanese. For example, Standen, a Sussex country house run by the National Trust, is a charming example of the influence of Japanese culture on English interior design of that era. 

Following a stay in Japan, the engineer Edward William Barton-Wright (1860–1951) popularised Japanese jujitsu through his new martial art ‘bartitsu’, which famously appeared, misspelled as ‘baritsu’, in Arthur Conan Doyle’s 1903 story The Adventure of the Empty House. In this tale, Sherlock Holmes uses his knowledge of the art to cast the evil Professor Moriarty into the Reichenbach Falls in Switzerland. 

Jujitsu became a worldwide craze and was taken up by people from all walks of life, including politicians, police officers and actresses. Admiration for Japan surged during its victory in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05, and the Japan-British Exhibition, held at White City in 1910, was a public relations success. Japanese martial arts appeared in the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides manuals (next to tips on how to tie up burglars!) and, during the First World War, pamphlets appeared on the use of jujitsu against the German soldier. 

Judo, which was developed out of jujitsu by Jigoro Kano in the 1880s, permeated jujitsu instruction in Edwardian Britain. In 1918, the London Judo Budokwai, the oldest martial arts club in Europe, was formed. Men’s judo has become a regular fixture at the Olympic Games since 1972 while women’s judo became a medal sport in 1992. 

Cat and mouse

Edith’s involvement in the campaign intensified in 1913 with the passing of the Prisoners (Temporary Discharge for Ill-Health) Act 1913 (dubbed the ‘Cat and Mouse Act’) under which hunger-striking suffragettes would be released from jail then rearrested once they had recovered. Headed by Gertrude Harding, a bodyguard of 30 women was formed to protect Emmeline Pankhurst from the clutches of this law. They were trained in jujitsu and carried Indian clubs, which were normally used in exercise classes.

Katherine Willoughby Marshall, a member of Emmeline’s bodyguard team, later recalled:

“Our orders were that as the clock struck nine we were to jump out and attack the seven policemen and detectives, who had been placed in front of the house where Mrs Pankhurst was a prisoner. Behind our taxi was also another lot of bodyguards, and as the clock struck nine, out rushed the bodyguards who had remained at the house. The blue car was directly in front of the front door, and all of us fell on some policeman or detective. I chose a big man with a large mackintosh cape. I knocked his helmet over his eyes and brandished my club about his head. Out came Mrs Pankhurst and into the blue car, which was driven away by a smart woman driver, hell for leather…The bodyguard [and] I got into the waiting taxi and away it went with orders to drive as quickly as possible to Piccadilly Circus. The taxi driver was very interested and wanted to know what it was all about, so I told him that we had helped Mrs Pankhurst to escape. He said he had never seen anything like it and was very intrigued to have been in the rescue.” (Katherine Willoughby Marshall, Suffragette Escapes and Adventures, 1947)

Arguably the best-known image today of a jujitsu suffragette is a Punch cartoon, which features an assertive militant, skilled in martial arts and armed with a dog-whip. The cartoon was prominent earlier this year at the unveiling of a green People’s Plaque dedicated to Edith at her former Islington home. It was later pasted into her scrapbook, which has now disappeared without trace. One wonders what other secrets this elusive piece of suffragette history holds.

Emelyne Godfrey’s books include Masculinity, Crime and Self-Defence in Victorian Literature and Society: Duelling with Danger (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)

#AceNewsDesk report …………………..Published: Oct.21: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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World History & Research Reports

(TOKYO) DNA Analysis Rewrites Ancient History of Japan Report: Approximately 71 percent of modern Japanese people’s ancestry comes from the newly identified Kofun period population. Shigeki Nakagome #AceNewsDesk report

#AceHistoryReport – Sept.22: The ancestors of modern Japanese populations hailed from three distinct groups that arrived on the island during three different periods, a new DNA analysis finds.

#AceHistoryDesk reports on a study suggests the island’s modern populations trace their ancestry to three distinct groups, not two as previously proposed research had identified two ancestor groups: hunter-gatherers who lived in Japan 15,000 years ago (and possibly much earlier) and farmers who migrated from East Asia starting around 900 B.C.E., reports Harry Baker for Live Science.

skeleton
Livia Gershon – September 21, 2021 12:41 p.m.: Approximately 71 percent of modern Japanese people’s ancestry comes from the newly identified Kofun period population. Shigeki Nakagome

The new findings, published in the journal Science Advances, show that a third group arrived during the Kofun period (around 300 to 700 C.E.), confirming a theory that some researchers had already raised.

“Archaeological evidence has long suggested three stages of migration, but the last one has largely been ignored,” Mikael Adolphson, a historian at the University of Cambridge who was not involved with the study, tells Live Science. “This new finding confirms what many of us knew, but it is good that we now get evidence also from the medical field.”

Evidence suggests that humans lived in Japan as early as 38,000 years ago. While little is known about these individuals, they may have been the ancestors of hunter-gatherers who created pottery during the Jōmon period, which spanned 13,000 to 300 B.C.E. A second group known as the Yayoi brought farming, including the cultivation of rice in wet areas, to Japan during the tail end of that period. As Reuters’ Will Dunham reports, modern Japanese people possess 13 and 16 percent of Jōmon and Yayoi genetic ancestry, respectively.

DNA Analysis Rewrites Ancient History of Japan
The researchers sequenced DNA from 12 people who lived in Japan during different time periods. Shigeki Nakagome

The new research sequenced genomes from the bones of 12 Japanese people who lived across a range of time periods. The team found that a new ancestral source arrived during the imperial Kofun period, in the first millennium C.E. Approximately 71 percent of modern Japanese people’s ancestry comes from this third population, notes Reuters.

“Researchers have been learning more and more about the cultures of the Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun periods as more and more ancient artifacts show up, but before our research we knew relatively little about the genetic origins and impact of the agricultural transition and later state-formation phase,” says lead author Shigeki Nakagome, a genomic medicine researcher at Trinity College Dublin’s School of Medicine, in a statement.

“We now know that the ancestors derived from each of the foraging, agrarian and state-formation phases made a significant contribution to the formation of Japanese populations today,” Nakagome adds. “In short, we have an entirely new tripartite model of Japanese genomic origins—instead of the dual-ancestry model that has been held for a significant time.”

The humans who arrived in Japan during the Kofun period came from East Asia and were probably related to the Han, who are the majority ethnic group in China today. This new population’s arrival coincided with the Kofun period, when Japan emerged as an imperial state that conducted military incursions into Korea and imported aspects of Chinese and Korean cultures. It’s unclear if the new migrants contributed to this transformation. 

“The Kofun individuals sequenced were not buried in keyhole-shaped mounds [reserved for high-ranking individuals], which implies that they were lower-ranking people,” Nakagome tells Live Science. “To see if this East Asian ancestry played a key role in the transition, we need to sequence people with a higher rank.”

In addition to shedding light on later migration to Japan, the genomic analysis revealed information about the lives of the Jōmon people in a much earlier era, writes Ian Randall for the Daily Mail. Between 20,000 and 15,000 years ago, rising sea levels cut off the connection between Japan and the Korean Peninsula, separating the Jōmon from other people in Asia. Around that same time, the Jōmon began creating a unique style of pottery.

DNA Analysis Rewrites Ancient History of Japan

Jōmon pottery Shigeki Nakagome

The new study shows that the size of the Jōmon population remained fairly steady, at just 1,000 or so people, for millennia. 

“The Indigenous Jōmon people had their own unique lifestyle and culture within Japan for thousands of years prior to the adoption of rice farming during the subsequent Yayoi period,” says study co-author Niall Cooke, a genomic researcher at Trinity, in the statement. “Our analysis clearly finds them to be a genetically distinct population with an unusually high affinity between all sampled individuals—even those differing by thousands of years in age and excavated from sites on different islands. These results strongly suggest a prolonged period of isolation from the rest of the continent.”

In contrast to much of Europe, where incoming farming peoples replaced Indigenous hunter-gatherers, the Yayoi rice farmers seem to have integrated with the Jōmon, with each contributing almost equally to the genetics of later Japanese populations.

“We are very excited about our findings on the tripartite structure of Japanese populations,” Nakagome tells Reuters. “This finding is significant in terms of rewriting the origins of modern Japanese by taking advantage of the power of ancient genomics.”

#AceHistoryDesk report ……Published: Sept.22: 2021:

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(AUSTRALIA) ACCC REPORT: Institutes Federal Court proceedings against Mercedes-Benz Australia/Pacific Pty Ltd (Mercedes-Benz) for allegedly failing to comply with their obligations under a compulsory recall of defective, and potentially deadly, Takata airbags #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Aug.05: The recall notice required suppliers to communicate with consumers in a way that emphasised the danger of the Takata airbags, particularly the risk of serious injury or death from misdeployment of the airbag inflator. It also required suppliers to draw attention to the urgency of having airbags replaced.

#AceDailyNews reports that they ACCC alleges Mercedes-Benz minimised risk of defective during #TAKATA AIRBAGS COMPULSORY RECALL

ACCC REPORT:

Ace News Services reported on a number of occasions in regard to these airbags with a number of specific posts highlighting the dangers of their use and various incidents of injury to other persons please take a look on the link above …

The ACCC alleges that, between July 2018 and March 2020, in communications with consumers, Mercedes-Benz contravened the Takata compulsory recall notice by minimising the risks associated with defective Takata airbags and failing to use attention-capturing, high-impact language to avoid consumers ignoring recall notices.

It is alleged that on at least 73 occasions, Mercedes-Benz call centre staff made representations to consumers by phone or email to the effect that they were undertaking the recall as a precaution; that it was still okay (or safe) to drive vehicles that were over six years old; or there had been no incidents, accidents, injuries or deaths caused by Beta airbags, either in Mercedes-Benz vehicles, or at all.

These alleged representations used language which was inconsistent with the requirements of the compulsory recall notice. Further, it is not correct that there have been no incidents. In fact, there have been incidents in Australia and overseas involving Beta airbags including, in Australia, one incident resulting in a fatality and another resulting in very serious injuries to the driver. The ACCC is also aware of reported misdeployments overseas of Takata airbags fitted in Mercedes vehicles.

“The Takata airbag compulsory recall was commenced in Australia because of the risk of misdeployment of defective Takata airbags in millions of vehicles, which could result in serious injury or death to drivers and passengers, even in relatively minor accidents,” ACCC Deputy Chair Delia Rickard said. 

“The Takata recall was the first motor vehicle compulsory recall required in Australia under the Australian Consumer Law, and was the biggest vehicle recall in Australian history, affecting over 4 million Takata airbags in around 3 million vehicles.”

“It was a very important part of the compulsory recall that consumers were made aware in all communications from vehicle manufacturers of the risks of serious injury or death from defective Takata airbags, and the importance of having these airbags replaced as soon as possible,” Ms Rickard said.

“We allege that Mercedes-Benz exposed consumers to the risks of serious injury or death because it used language which minimised these risks, and gave the impression that the recall was precautionary and that there was no urgency in having the airbags replaced.”

For example, consumers were told by Mercedes-Benz staff, “The reason we’re in this recall is more of a precautionary measure and an ease of mind for our customers.” or “You are still okay to drive your vehicle up until the point of completion of this recall, and that’s due to the fact that the Beta hasn’t shown any faults.” or “We’ve not actually had any problems with our airbags but we are recalling them for customer peace of mind anyway.”

The ACCC is seeking declarations, pecuniary penalties, an order requiring a product recall compliance program, and costs.

Background:

Mercedes-Benz is an importer and wholesaler of passenger cars for the Australia/Pacific region and is owned by parent company Daimler AG, a multinational automotive company. 

The ACCC is aware of reports of overseas misdeployments of Takata airbags in Mercedes vehicles.

The Consumer Goods (Motor Vehicles with Affected Takata Airbag Inflators and Specified Spare Parts) Recall Notice 2018 came into effect on 1 March 2018

Under the Takata airbag recall, suppliers were required to recall and replace defective Takata airbags by 31 December 2020 and develop and implement a plan to communicate with consumers to maximise replacement of these airbags.  As of July 2021, car manufacturers have successfully recalled 99.9 per cent of vehicles affected by these airbags.

Expert advice provided to the ACCC, which formed the basis for the compulsory recall, indicates that the risk of a defective Takata airbag rupturing may arise between 6 and 25 years after it is installed in a vehicle. In areas of high heat and humidity, the risk of rupture may arise between 6 and 9 years.

The Recall Notice applies to Affected Takata Airbag Inflators, commonly known as Alpha or Beta (also known as non-Alpha) airbags. Globally, ruptures of defective Takata airbags have been associated with approximately 33 deaths and over 350 injuries. In Australia there has been one death and one serious injury attributed to the misdeployment of airbags subject to the compulsory recall. Both of these incidents involved Beta airbags.

Consumers can visit Product Safety Australia or contact their manufacturer to check if their vehicle is affected by the compulsory recall.

The attached document below contains the ACCC’s initiating court document in relation to this matter. We will not be uploading further documents in the event this initial document is subsequently amended.

Concise statement 

ACCC v Mercedes-Benz_Concise Statement ( PDF 463.18 KB )

ACCC Infocentre: 

Use this form to make a general enquiry.

#AceNewsDesk report …………Published: Aug.05: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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(JAPAN) #Olympics2020 Report: Officials reach an agreement on no spectators at venues in Tokyo,” Tamayo Marukawa, Olympics minister, said of the widely expected move after talks involving local and national government officials, organisers and Olympic and Paralympic chiefs #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – July.11: It was “regrettable” that the Games were going to be held in a limited format, Tokyo 2020 President Seiko Hashimoto told a briefing, adding her apologies to those who had bought tickets.

#CoronavirusNewsDesk – TOKYO: #Olympics2020 to be held without spectators amid #COVID19 state of emergency imposed

08/07/2021 – 09:43:

Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said it was essential to prevent Tokyo, where the highly infectious Delta Covid-19 variant was spreading, from becoming the source of another wave of infections.

The ban all but robs the Tokyo Games, which are scheduled to run from July 23 to August 8, of their last hope for pomp and public spectacle.

Once seen as a chance for Japan to stand large on the global stage after a devastating earthquake a decade ago, the showpiece event was delayed by the pandemic last year and has been hit by massive budget overruns.

Medical experts have said for weeks that having no spectators would be the least risky option, amid widespread public fears that an influx of thousands of athletes and officials will fuel a fresh wave of infections.

✨ #Tokyo2020 まで、いよいよあと15日✨ pic.twitter.com/KTYv9QaM4o— Tokyo 2020 (@Tokyo2020jp) July 8, 2021

With just two weeks until the July 23 opening ceremony, coronavirus infections are rising in the capital, and the spread of the more infectious Delta variant has spooked officials.

“The number of new cases continues to rise in Tokyo,” warned Japan’s minister in charge of the virus response, Yasutoshi Nishimura, earlier on Thursday.

“As the movement of people increases, the more infectious Delta variant now accounts for around 30 percent of cases. This is expected to expand further,” he added.

While Japan has so far experienced a relatively small virus outbreak, with around 14,900 deaths despite avoiding harsh lockdowns, its vaccination programme has moved comparatively slowly.

Just over 15 percent of the population is fully vaccinated so far.

IOC chief Thomas Bach arrived in Tokyo on Thursday afternoon, and will have to undergo a three-day quarantine before being allowed limited movement.

Olympic participants generally will not have to observe a full 14-day quarantine, but will face restrictions during their time in Japan, with athletes limited to venues and the Olympic Village and tested daily for the virus.

Tokyo 2020 is struggling to build momentum and enthusiasm for the Games as the final countdown begins.

A torch relay that was supposed to stoke excitement as it travelled nationwide has been taken off public roads in much of the country over virus risks, and even the relay’s legs in the capital will be held without spectators.

Fans had been asked to avoid the route of the Olympic marathon when it is run in northern Hokkaido.

Polls show most Japanese would prefer the Games be postponed again or cancelled outright, though opposition has softened in recent weeks.

(FRANCE 24 with REUTERS, AFP)

#AceNewsDesk report ……Published: July.11: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com