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Ace Daily News

FEATURED #ClimateChange Report: Major oil companies are not declaring a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions, a BBC News investigation has revealed.

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#AceNewsDesk – Revealed: Huge gas flaring emissions never reported: The BBC found millions of tonnes of undeclared emissions from gas flaring at oil fields were BP, Eni, ExxonMobil, Chevron, and Shell work.

By Esme Stallard, Owen Pinnell & Jess Kelly
BBC News

Child at fence line with flare behind

Flaring of natural gas is the “wasteful” burning off excess gas released during oil production.

The companies said their reporting method was standard industry practice.

Flared gases emit a potent mix of carbon dioxide, methane and black soot which pollute the air and accelerate global warming.

The BBC has also found high levels of potentially cancer-causing chemicals in Iraqi communities near oil fields where there is gas flaring. These fields have some of the highest levels of undeclared flaring in the world, according to our findings.

In response, David Boyd, UN special rapporteur on human rights and the environment, compared these communities to “modern sacrifice zones, areas where profit and private interests are prioritised over human health, human rights and the environment”.

BBC iPlayer
Gas flaring has become the backdrop to children’s lives in Basra
#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.29:  2022:

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Global Warming & Climate Change

FEATURED ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION STUDY: More than a thousand species of palm tree are at risk of extinction

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#AceNewsDesk – More than half of the world’s palm trees in danger after scientists used artificial intelligence to assess risks to the entire palm family, from tall trees to climbing plants.

By Helen Briggs
Environment correspondent

Palm tree
The palm family includes tall trees and climbing plants

The data gives a much better idea of how many, and which, palm species are under threat: Palms are a huge plant family that provide millions of people with food, drink and shelter.

Rattan bridge in Cambodia
Climbing palms are used to make furniture, baskets, canes and rope bridges

We need to do all we can to protect biodiversity and that encompasses more than a thousand palm species that we now know may be threatened,” said study leader, Dr Sidonie Bellot of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.

She said action was needed to conserve plants on the ground and to collect more data on them, which cannot be done without the people who live in the regions where palms grow and who use the palms daily.

Palm trees have a host of uses, including as staple crops such as coconut, palm oil or dates, or in the making of furniture, rubber, oil and ropes.

Scientists are concerned about extinction risks to lesser-known wild relatives of popular ornamental or commercially grown palms.

They say wild plants are invaluable to local people, but could vanish even before their full potential is known.

Palm trees in Cameroon
Palms prefer tropical and subtropical climates

Official assessments of extinction risk are time-consuming and costly, prompting the Kew-led team to investigate machine learning as a tool.

Their data suggests more than a thousand species – just over 50% of palms – are threatened with extinction.

“With these predictions we can help to prioritise conservation activity and to target species with further conservation work in the countries where they are most at risk,” said Dr Steven Bachman, research leader in Kew’s conservation assessment and analysis team.

The team has designated Madagascar, New Guinea, the Philippines, Hawaii, Borneo, Jamaica, Vietnam, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Sulawesi as priority regions for palm conservation. 

Thatched Amazon roundhouse
Palms are used for shelter, such as the roof of this roundhouse in the Amazon

Palms are the most iconic plant group in the tropics and one of the most useful too, added Dr Rodrigo Cámara-Leret of the University of Zurich, who worked on the study.

The study gives a much better idea of how many, and which, palm species are under threat, he said. 

Palms are among the most economically important of all plant families, with hundreds of wild species supporting millions of people across the world.

They provide building materials for homes and tools, as well as food and medicine for hundreds of communities across the tropics. 

According to the research, published in Nature Ecology and Evolution, at least 185 palm species that have a use may be threatened in 92 regions, further emphasising the need to protect these plants.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.28: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Global Warming & Climate Change

NASA: #GlobalWarming & #ClimateChange 2022 Arctic Summer Sea Ice Tied for 10th-Lowest on Record According to Satellite Data

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#GlobalWarming & #ClimateChange News Desk – According to satellite observations, Arctic sea ice reached its annual minimum extent (lowest amount of ice for the year) on Sept. 18, 2022.

This Visualisation of sea ice change in the Arctic uses data provided by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s Global Change Observation Mission 1st-Water “SHIZUKU” satellite, which is part of a NASA-led partnership to operate several Earth-observing satellites. Credit: NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio

The ice cover shrank to an area of 4.67 million square kilometers (1.80 million square miles) this year, roughly 1.55 million square kilometers (598,000 square miles) below the 1981-2010 average minimum of 6.22 million square kilometers (2.40 million square miles).

Summer ice extent in and around the Arctic Ocean has declined significantly since satellites began measuring it consistently in 1978. The past 16 years (2007 to 2022) have been the lowest 16 minimum extents, with 2022 tying 2017 and 2018 for 10th-lowest in 44 years of observations. The satellite record is maintained by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), which hosts one of NASA’s Distributed Active Archive Centers.

“This year marks a continuation of the much-reduced sea ice cover since the 1980s,” said Walt Meier, a sea ice researcher at the National Snow and Ice Data Center. “That is not something that is random variations or chance. It represents a fundamental change in the ice cover in response to warming temperatures.”

Each year, Arctic sea ice melts through the warmer spring and summer months and usually reaches its minimum extent in September. As cooler weather and winter darkness sets in, the ice will grow again and reach its maximum extent around March.

Sea ice extent is defined as the total area in which ice concentration is at least 15%. This visualization, created at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, shows fluctuations in Arctic sea ice extent from March through September 2022. The map is based on data acquired by the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) instrument on the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s Global Change Observation Mission 1st-Water “SHIZUKU” (GCOM-W1) satellite.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.24: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Global Warming & Climate Change

FEATURED: Factory Farming Is More Environmentally Destructive Than Ever Accelerating #ClimateChange

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#AceNewsDesk – Plant-based and sustainable farming advocates must join forces to fight it………………….Whenever I see a post by a regenerative rancher or “better meat” advocate denouncing plant-based substitutes or an article by a vegan advocate dismissing the benefits of pasture-based farming, I imagine corporate agribusiness executives watching from the sidelines, delighted.

Chicken in battery cage under bad condition
Grafissimo / Getty Images

While plant-based and pasture-based advocates go head-to-head, factory farming takes over more and more of our food system, subjecting billions of animals to misery, devastating farmers’ livelihoods, and accelerating climate change.

While both better farming and vegan animal advocates have a right to be outraged by the status quo and each brings valid solutions, their respective proposals will work best when paired together. This National Farm Animal Awareness Week in September is the perfect time to remember that farm animals are the ones who suffer the most while advocates exhaust their resources fighting potential allies.

Nearly 80 billion sensitive, playful, intelligent pigs, chickens, cows, and turkeys are raised and slaughtered each year for meat, milk, and eggs.1 The majority of these animals are intensively confined entirely indoors or crowded together in barren feedlots where they suffer immensely.

Animals on factory farms have no quality of life, enduring stress from their unnatural, unhealthy conditions, rough handling, and painful procedures that would be deemed animal cruelty if done without anesthesia on a dog or a cat.2

This industrial method of raising animals is also an undeniable contributor to climate change and environmental degradation. Much of the greenhouse gas emissions from the livestock sector are attributable to industrial beef production, but confinement-based dairy, poultry, and pork farms are also major sources of pollution and long-term damage to the planet.3 Factory farms generate more than 885 billion pounds of manure which emits significant amounts of methane, one of the most potent greenhouse gases contributing to climate change.4 These farms and their waste also release other harmful pollutants like ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, volatile organic compounds, and particulate matter into the surrounding air and water, harming local, vulnerable communities.5

To hasten an end to the inhumane suffering of so many chickens, pigs, and cows, animal advocates often urge the public to take animal products off their plates, touting the climate benefits of making this change. And it’s true—the ingredients in common plant-based meat substitutes like wheat flour, soybean flour, and mushrooms, have anywhere from half to a fraction of the carbon footprint of animal products.6 Eating plants, as opposed to eating animals who eat plants, cuts out the land, water, and energy needed to grow crops that are ultimately used as animal feed. Simply put, feeding animals food that humans could eat directly is an inefficient use of resources.

Still, surveys show that the vast majority of the population still eats animal products and the number of vegans in the US has been unchanged for many years: under 5%.7 Most telling of all, the number of animals raised for food in the U.S. has only grown over the past ten years.8

pigs in crates at a farm
Arun Roisri / Getty Images

Meanwhile, there are independent farmers and ranchers raising animals on pasture with significantly better animal welfare and environmental outcomes, but these producers are drowning in a consolidated market flooded with cheap factory-farmed products that have been bankrolled by the government through subsidies and bailouts.

As a result, the number of farms across the country is going down while the number of animals on the remaining operations continues to go up. According to the USDA Agriculture Census, in 1950, there were 5.6 million farms raising 100 million farm animals—but in 2017, there were two million farms raising 9.32 billion farm animals.9 This rapid consolidation has dire consequences for animal welfare, responsible farmers and ranchers, rural economies, the environment, and public health.

In an effort to help their struggling members, pasture-based and regenerative groups urge consumers to buy meat from better sources, emphasizing the climate-friendly elements of their practices. And it’s true that if land is managed well, regeneratively raised animals have a much lighter footprint and can even benefit the environment. Grass-eating animals like cattle or sheep rotate through small sections of pasture, turning up the soil with their hooves, and leaving behind manure to compost.10 In this way, regenerative agriculture can improve the soil and grassland. Healthy and nutrient-rich soil can hold more water, reduce runoff and erosion, support greater biodiversity, and even sequester—or capture and store—carbon, offsetting some of the methane production intrinsic to raising these animals. This environment also allows animals to exhibit natural behaviors and greatly reduces their stress.

Unfortunately for farmers and advocates of more sustainable animal agriculture, growing sales of organic, “free-range” and “pasture-raised” products are not adequately benefitting independent, truly pasture-based farms, in part because the lack of food label regulation outlined in recent ASPCA research allows large brands to use these claims despite raising animals in nearly factory farm-like conditions.

Even if all of that demand could be funneled into genuine pasture-based animal products, assuming animal product consumption levels hold relatively steady, research suggests that a complete transition to pasture-based systems would be very challenging given land limits.11

One study found that maintaining current levels of beef production on pasture would require a 30% increase in the national cattle herd and could increase overall methane emissions.11 Farmers and ranchers are working toward making regenerative farming practices more efficient and sustainable while also protecting wildlife and the environment; however, moving more than nine billion animals out of factory farms and onto pasture is not currently possible or practical if the status quo continues.

So while both vegan animal advocates and regenerative livestock farmers have good points, neither of their approaches are silver bullets. But a combination of reducing overall consumption of animal products while, at the same time, sourcing those animal products that are consumed from higher welfare operations has the potential to benefit more animals in the long run and is more appealing to the majority of Americans.

Based on recent surveys, 35% of Americans reported trying to eat less meat in 2021, and if those same people also swapped some factory farm-sourced meat, eggs, or dairy they’re eating with pasture-raised products, the impact could be huge. If the number of animals in the system decreases, more land and other natural resources would become available so that more animals can be raised on pasture. By cutting back on the quantity of animal products, consumers may be able to afford to spend a little more on higher-quality pasture-based meat, eggs, and dairy. 

The climate is nearly at a point of no return, responsible farmers and ranchers are unable to survive in the consolidated marketplace, and billions of animals are suffering in atrocious conditions every day. It’s time to stop forcing people to choose between two different valid approaches to fixing the food system when merging the two would be more effective and bring more people into this fight.

In fact, if everyone in the U.S. ate plant-based food one day each week and ensured that any animal products they eat one other day that week were from animals raised on pasture, it would spare 2.8 billion animals from factory farming annually, which translates into a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, pollution and resource usage from factory farms by more than 25%.12

To bring these strategies together, we urge the public to try ASPCA’s Factory Farm Detox, a one-week focus on reducing animal product consumption and improving the sourcing of any meat, eggs, or dairy that are purchased. Whether through initiatives like the Factory Farm Detox or supporting policies like the Farm System Reform Act, which offers a roadmap for a better world for farm animals, including calls for new funding to help farmers transition to higher welfare or plant-based production, we can tackle a problem as vast as factory farming by bringing our best ideas—and most dedicated advocates—together.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.22: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Global Warming & Climate Change

WATCH PAKISTAN: Submerged Cities After Unprecedented Floods Across The Country

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#AceNewsDesk – Satellite images show unprecedented floods have left parts of Pakistan underwater according to Reuters By Aman Bhargava, Simon Scarr, Sudev Kiyada, Jitesh Chowdhury and Anand Katakam Published Sept. 19, 2022

Floods from record monsoon rains in Pakistan and glacial melt in the country’s mountainous north have affected 33 million people and killed over 1,500, washing away homes, roads, railways, bridges, livestock and crops in damage estimated at $30 billion.

Both the government and U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres have blamed climate change for the extreme weather that led to the flooding and submerged huge areas of the nation of 220 million.

Large swathes of the country are inundated, and hundreds of thousands have been forced from their homes while some villages have become islands.

Images from the European Space Agency’s Sentinel-2 satellite, analysed by Reuters, show the extent of flooding around towns and cities in Sindh province, one of the country’s worst affected areas.

There are at least three points in Dadu district in the province of Sindh where the Indus Highway is submerged, with traffic suspended for weeks, while Pakistan’s other highway connecting the north and south has also been badly hit by the flood waters.

The cities of Qambar and Larkana sit around 25 km apart and are just west of the Indus River. Both have been heavily impacted by flood water.

Images show farm fields that resemble massive lakes of several miles in diameter and landscapes which are usually a spectrum of brown, yellow and green, now submerged by water.

Reuters’ drone footage over Sindh showed agricultural and residential areas completely submerged in water, with just the tops of trees and buildings visible.

Reuters | Shahab Shahabuddin, Waseem Sattar

Urban centres like Larkana and Sukkur, while not completely unscathed, faced comparatively lesser damage from the flooding. The airport remains operational and is receiving flights that are carrying relief supplies that have been arriving from China, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates carrying tents, food and medicine. People from nearby villages are also queuing up to get treated at hospitals in the city.

U.N. agencies have begun work to assess the South Asian nation’s reconstruction needs after it received 391 mm (15.4 inches) of rain, or nearly 190% more than the 30-year average, in July and August. Sindh received 466% more rain than average.

The map below shows the extent of flooding through the province. Many of the towns and villages have been submerged or surrounded by flood waters.

Over the last few weeks, authorities have thrown up barriers to keep the flood waters out of key structures such as power stations as well as homes, while farmers who stayed to try and save their cattle faced a new threat as fodder began to run out.

Data from Pakistan’s National Disaster Management Authority, shows how rapidly the disaster unfolded as more people died towards the end of August and the numbers continue to pile up. In Sindh, the country’s hardest hit region, accounts for little over 40 percent of the deaths.

As of Sept 18 the floods have partially or permanently damaged over 1.9 million houses, destroyed 12,718 km (7,902 miles) of roads, nearly a million livestock, and swamped millions of acres of farmland since the start of the monsoon.

Data shows how damage and destruction escalated during August when rains were heaviest. More than half a million homes have been completely destroyed. The majority of the damaged infrastructure is in Sindh.

The city of Khairpur Nathan Shah in Sindh, which is about 25 km (15.5 miles) west of the Indus River is completely surrounded by flood water. The roofs of the homes resemble an archipelago in place of a city.

The crisis is far from over as rescue operations have been unable to get to all the affected areas. Of the 33 million people affected, about half a million have been moved to camps with about 180,000 rescued. More than half of the country’s 160 districts continue to be affected by the floods.

Additional development by

Dea Bankova

Additional reporting by

Asif Shahzad and Syed Raza Hassan

Sources

ESA Sentinel-2; National Disaster Management Authority

Edited by

Simon Scarr, Anand Katakam and Raju Gopalakrishnan

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.20: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Ace Breaking News

BREAKING NEW ZEALAND: Raises ALERT LEVEL for Lake Taupo after 700 small earthquakes are detected

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#AceBreakingNews – New Zealand scientists have increased the alert level for a volcano below the country’s biggest lake, which caused the largest eruption on Earth in the past 5,000 years when it last exploded about 1,800 years ago.

The volcanic peaks near Lake Taupo
Lake Taupo, located in New Zealand’s North Island, is the country’s largest lake.(Reuters: Mike Hutchings/File)none

In a statement, geological agency GeoNet said it had detected almost 700 small earthquakes below Lake Taupo, the caldera created by the giant volcano, and had raised the volcanic alert level to 1 — minor volcanic unrest — from 0.

The volcanic alert system is based on six escalating levels, but GeoNet notes that eruptions may occur at any level, and levels may not move in sequence as activity can change rapidly.

The Taupo volcano spewed more than 100 cubic kilometres of material into the atmosphere when it last erupted around 200 BC, devastating a large area of New Zealand’s central North Island in a period before human habitation.

GeoNet says the eruption was the largest on the planet in the past 5,000 years.

Earthquakes ‘could continue’

The agency added while it was the first time it had raised the Taupo Volcano alert level to 1,  it was not the first time there had been activity, and said the chance of an eruption remained very low.

“The earthquakes and deformation could continue for the coming weeks or months,” it said.

New Zealand straddles the boundary between the Pacific and Australian tectonic plates and experiences significant volcanism and earthquakes.

In 2019, White Island, as known as Whakaari, suddenly erupted, spewing steam and ash, killing 22 people and seriously injuring 25 others, mostly tourists.

Reuters

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.20: 2022:

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Ace Breaking News

BREAKING MEXICO CITY: Deadly magnitude-7.6 earthquake shakes on the anniversary of two previous quakes

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#AceBreakingNews – At least two people have died after a magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck western Mexico on Monday — the anniversary of two devastating quakes in 1985 and 2017.

A view of vehicles damaged by the collapse of the facade of a department store
One person was crushed after the facade of a department store collapsed.(Reuters: Jesus Lozoya)none

The two deaths occurred in the port of Manzanillo in Colima state, authorities said, with one person crushed by the facade of a department store and another person found dead at a mall.

Social media footage showed the roof of the mall collapsed into the top floor — a gym — as people yelled for help.

The earthquake, which struck shortly after 1:00pm local time, damaged buildings in the capital, Mexico City, knocked out power and sent residents scrambling outside for safety.

Mexico City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum said there were no immediate reports of major damage from the quake, which rumbled through Mexico on the anniversary of destructive earthquakes which battered the country in 1985 and 2017.

Authorities reported damage to several hospitals in the western state of Michoacan near the epicentre, which lies in a sparsely populated part of Mexico.

One person was injured by falling glass at one of the hospitals, the government said.

The US Geological Survey (USGS) confirmed the quake’s epicentre on Mexico’s west coast, close to Michoacan’s border with the state of Colima

It was relatively shallow, at only 15 kilometres deep, which would have amplified its impact, it said.

A fallen ornament lays on the ground
The earthquake struck at a depth of 15 kilometres.(Reuters: Fernando Carranza)none

The US Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued a tsunami warning for coastal areas, saying waves 1 to 3 meters above the tide level were possible.

‘The 19th is a day to be feared’

The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), one of the country’s most prestigious seats of higher learning, said there was no scientific explanation for three major quakes on the same day, and attributed it to pure coincidence.

But others could not quite believe it.

“It seems like a curse,” said Isa Montes, a 34-year-old graphic designer in the city’s central Roma neighbourhood.Deadly earthquakes hit on the same day in 1985 and 2017.(AP: Fernando Llano)none

“It’s this date. There’s something about the 19th,” said business owner Ernesto Lanzetta. 

“The 19th is a day to be feared.”

Thousands of people were killed in the September 19, 1985 earthquake and more than 350 died in the September 19, 2017 quake.

Many Mexicans reacted to the latest quake by posting an array of memes online venting their anxiety and finding humour in the natural disaster.

President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador also noted material damage near the epicentre.

Mexican authorities said the seismic alert had sounded nearly two minutes before the quake struck, giving residents time to evacuate.

Still, some people in the capital struggled to grasp it was a real quake as the government had already sounded the alarm earlier in the day as a practice exercise commemorating the past earthquakes.

In Coalcoman, Michoacan, not far from the epicentre, pictures showed shingles knocked off homes and building walls cracked by the force of the quake.

In one store, merchandise was scattered across the floor.Power was knocked out to some parts of Mexico.(AP: Fernando Llano)none

Power was knocked out in parts of the trendy Roma neighbourhood in Mexico City, some 400 kilometres from the epicentre.

The national power utility said outages hit 1.2 million users.

Roma residents stood on the streets cradling pets, while tourists visiting a local market with a guide were visibly confused and upset.

Traffic lights stopped working, and people clutched their phones, sending text messages or waiting for calls to get through.

Reuters/Bloomberg/Al Jazeera/

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.20: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Global Warming & Climate Change

FEATURED COP27: Egypt creating #ClimateChange of fear for environmentalists ahead of conference

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#GlobalWarming & #ClimateChange News Desk – In a stinging report, Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Monday accused the Egyptian government of “severely curtailing” the rights of environmental groups in the country and their ability to carry out their work of protecting the natural environment according to Middle Eastern Monitor report

MEM NEWS REPORT:

” The Egyptian government has imposed arbitrary funding, research, and registration obstacles that have debilitated local environmental groups, forcing some activists into exile and others to steer clear of important work,” said Richard Pearshouse, environment director at HRW.

“The government should immediately lift its onerous restrictions on independent nongovernmental organisations, including environmental groups.”

The report comes at a sensitive time for Egypt as it prepares to host the United Nations climate change conference, COP27, in Sharm el-Sheikh in November.

Egypt is making considerable efforts for the conference, including turning Sharm el-Sheikh into a “green city“.

Cairo hopes to use the conference to focus the international community’s attention on the necessity of offering financial support to African countries so that they can adapt and manage the effects of climate change.

The HRW report, however, casts serious doubt on the government’s willingness to take tangible action in the country over climate change. 

Intimidation tactics

In a series of interviews with activists, academics, scientists, and journalists, HRW described a prevailing “atmosphere of fear” amongst the non-governmental community of environmentalists in Egypt. 

Many would only speak to the human rights organisation anonymously, and several declined to be interviewed, while others cited government restrictions forcing them to stop doing their work. 

UAE property company accused of causing irrevocable damage to Egypt’s coast

Read More »

The activists described a shrinking space for independent environmental and climate work since President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi’s government took office in 2014. 

Increasingly, activists have reported that the Sisi regime is harassing and intimidating environmental workers, including arresting them in a bid to criminalise their work. 

HRW has previously described the Egyptian state as too often treating environmental activists as a threat rather than an asset to the country in an effort to hamper their work. 

Conversely, some activists told HRW that where the work of environmental activists reconciled with the government’s agenda or did not lead to criticism, there was more tolerance by authorities. 

They said authorities are willing to work with activists on technical environmental activities, such as rubbish collection, recycling, renewable energy, food security and climate finance.

Increasingly, “the government adopts radical discourse when it comes to the Global North and its contribution to climate change and carbon emissions, just because this intersects with their interests, like the need for more funds,” one person told HRW. 

Even as COP27 is approaching, many environmental groups have told HRW that they are cautious about engaging with the climate conference, fearing that the Egyptian security apparatus could crack down once the gathering is over. 

“When COP ends, they might start looking and see who is doing what, who got funds from where,” one activist told HRW. 

Military versus the environment

Much of Egypt’s economic activity is interlinked in an opaque web with the military and the Egyptian state, not only making the work of environmental activists dangerous but also making it difficult to understand where accountability lies.

The military’s economic tentacles range from engaging in destructive forms of quarrying to water bottling plants and even cement factories, which are also linked with the government’s attempt to build a new administrative capital

Attempts to criticise the impact such projects have on the environment could well be construed as an attack on the country’s national security. 

“[These national infrastructure projects are] a red line,” one person told HRW, adding: “I can’t work on this.”

In recent years, Sisi’s government has increasingly clamped down through legislative measures on the ability of environmental groups to receive donations or grants from foreign or national sources. 

These measures have had a chilling impact on the ability of environmentalists to act as a watchdog on the government at a time when the country is becoming increasingly aware of climate change and environmental degradation. 

Growing environmental awareness

In August, an Emirati real estate company faced a huge outcry in Egypt after its construction projects in a prime north-coast location caused potentially irrevocable damage to one of the country’s most pristine beaches.

Egypt: Residents of Cairo’s agricultural islands live under threat of displacement

Read More »

Engineers and urban planning experts have warned that Emaar, a United Arab Emirates-based multinational property firm, is embarking on developments threatening the geological make-up of Sidi Abd el-Rahman, a village just over 130km west of Alexandria.

The affected area is part of a new multi-billion dollar summer capital, New Alamein, the construction of which was commissioned by the government.

Where the government has taken action on the environment, in some cases it has been accused of having an ulterior motive.

In preparation for the COP27 summit, the country’s largest coke factory, one of the biggest causes of pollution in Cairo, was closed down. 

The shutting of the factory, the latest in a series of closures of state-owned factories, has stirred up a wave of anger, with critics arguing that the government, which owns the factory, is closing key businesses needed by the economy. 

The government has also been accused of undermining the nationally owned businesses for the benefit of the private sector.  

In a sign that environmental concerns are increasingly grabbing the public’s attention, works at one of the country’s oldest parks in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria has drawn criticism over possible uprooting of trees and a further infringement on public green spaces in Egypt.

Authorities in Alexandria have been quick in seeking to dispel fears about a possible demolition of the gardens. However, their marginalisation of environmental groups left little room for accountability or oversight.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.12: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Global Warming & Climate Change

FEATURED: First refugees find new safe place to live in Louisiana after leaving their sinking home in low-lying Gulf of Mexico

This is our daily post that is shared across Twitter & Telegram and published first on here with Kindness & Love XX on peace-truth.com/

#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Sept, 12, 2022 @acenewsservices

Ace News Room Cutting Floor 12/09/2022

Follow Our Breaking & Daily News Here As It Happens:

#GlobalWarming & #ClimateChange News Desk – In Louisiana, the first US climate refugees find a new safe haven

Posted Fri 9 Sep 2022 at 11:20pmFriday 9 Sep 2022 at 11:20pmFri 9 Sep 2022 at 11:20pm

aerial view of buildings and greenery with waterways
The Isle of Jean Charles in Louisiana is slowly being submerged in water.(AFP: Cécile Clocheret)none

Joann Bourg stands in front of her new home, about an hour’s drive from the low-lying Louisiana island where she grew up — an area gradually sinking into the Gulf of Mexico.

“I’m very excited. I can’t wait to just move on in,” Ms Bourg said.

“I’ve been waiting for this day forever.”

Joann Bourg carries her belongings into her new home
Joann Bourg has moved into her new home at The New Isle resettlement community in Terrebonne Parish.(AFP: Cécile Clocheret)none

Ms Bourg is one of about a dozen Native Americans from the Isle de Jean Charles who have been relocated to Schriever, less than 60 kilometres to the north-west — the maiden beneficiaries of a federal resettlement grant awarded in 2016.

They are the first so-called “climate refugees” in the United States, forced from their homes due to the consequences of climate change.

“The house we had back there on the island — well, that has been home forever. Me and my siblings all grew up there, went to school down there,” Ms Bourg recalls.

“It was peaceful.”The only road connecting Isle de Jean Charles to the mainland is sometimes impassable due to high winds or tides.(AFP: Cécile Clocheret)none

But the family home — as with many others on the island — was destroyed.

There is only one road connecting Isle de Jean Charles to the mainland, and it is sometimes impassable due to high winds or tides.

Residents are mainly of Native American descent — several tribes sought shelter on the island from rampant government persecution in the 1800s.

But climate change has transformed the island into a symbol of the scourge that plagues much of hurricane-prone Louisiana — coastal erosion.

Ninety per cent underwater

Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards says this is the first time the state has relocated an entire community because of climate change.(AFP: Cécile Clocheret)none

Eventually, 37 new homes will be built in Schriever to accommodate about 100 current or former residents of Isle de Jean Charles, thanks to a $US48 million ($70.4 million) federal grant initially allocated in 2016.

“This is the first project of its kind in our nation’s history,” state governor John Bel Edwards, who was on site to see the residents close on their new properties, told AFP.

“We’ve had people over the years that we would buy their homes out and move them. But we’ve not done whole communities like this and moved them to one place before because of climate change.”To build the homes Louisiana used funds obtained from a new federal program set up to anticipate the consequences of climate change.(AFP: Cécile Clocheret)none

Since the 1930s, Isle de Jean Charles has lost “about 90 per cent” of its surface area to the encroaching bayou waters, explains Alex Kolker, an associate professor at the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium.

The island was already fragile, but climate change heightens the risks, he says — sea levels are rising, the ground is sinking and erosion is rampant. More frequent and fiercer storms intensify the problem.

“This community is one of the most vulnerable communities in Louisiana, and Louisiana is one of the most vulnerable places in the US,” Mr Kolker says.

Dead trees

The road to Isle de Jean Charles is lined with dozens of homes, many of which are stripped down to the pilings.

A year ago, Hurricane Ida slammed into Louisiana as a dangerous category 4 storm; it was the second most damaging hurricane on record in the state, after the devastation of Katrina in 2005.Chris Brunet says hurricanes are nothing compared to “saltwater intrusion” destroying canals and other waterways.(AFP: Cécile Clocheret)none

The storm ripped part of Chris Brunet’s roof off his home.

The 57-year-old placed a sign in front of his home: “Climate change sucks.”

Seemingly indifferent to the voracious and omnipresent mosquitoes, and occasionally speaking the old Acadian French associated with the area, Mr Brunet says hurricanes are nothing compared to so-called “saltwater intrusion” destroying canals and other waterways. Homes on the Isle of Jean Charles are breaking apart due to the conditions. (AFP: Cécile Clocheret)none

A few years ago, he finally agreed to relocation, adopting the view of the leader of his Choctaw tribe that it was the only way to preserve the island’s dwindling community.

But those whose homes remain upright do not want to completely abandon their ancestral land.

Bert Naquin, who is moving into one of the new federally funded houses in Schriever, hopes to repaint her family dwelling in Isle de Jean Charles, despite her joy at being a first-time full home owner.

“I plan on being down there a lot, because it’s still my home,” 64-year-old Ms Naquin said.

“This house up here is my house. But the island is always going to be my home in my heart.”The Isle of Jean Charles refugees are considered the first American climate refugees since 2016. (AFP: Cécile Clocheret)none

AFP

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.12: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Global Warming & Climate Change

FEATURED GEF REPORT: Mexico devises revolutionary method to reverse semiarid land degradation to prevent environmental destruction of our Earth

This is our daily post that is shared across Twitter & Telegram and published first on here with Kindness & Love XX on peace-truth.com/

#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Sept, 11, 2022 @acenewsservices

Ace News Room Cutting Floor 11/09/2022

Follow Our Breaking & Daily News Here As It Happens:

#AceNewsDesk – Land degradation is recognized as one of the world’s most pressing environmental problems, with about a quarter of the world’s total land area already degraded, according to the Global Environment Facility(GEF) by

Banner image: Once the degraded land has made the first timid steps toward recuperation, it is planted with agave, one of the few plants that will flourish in such barren soil — and the plant will begin to replenish its fertility. Image courtesy of Alejandro Vasconcelos.

This adverse land use change has seriously harmed the livelihoods of more than 3 billion people, almost 40% of the world’s population, while exacerbating climate change due to the release of long-sequestered soil carbon and nitrous oxide — a powerful greenhouse gas — into the atmosphere.

  • Land degradation is impacting farmlands worldwide, affecting almost 40% of the world’s population. Reversing that process and restoring these croplands and pastures to full productivity is a huge challenge facing humanity — especially as climate change-induced drought takes greater hold on arid and semiarid lands.
  • In Mexico, a university-educated, small-scale peasant farmer came up with an innovative solution that not only restores degraded land to productivity, but also greatly enhances soil carbon storage, provides a valuable new crop, and even offers a hopeful diet for diabetics.
  • The process utilizes two plants commonly found on Mexico’s semiarid lands that grow well under drought conditions: agave and mesquite. The two are intercropped and then the agave is fermented and mixed with the mesquite to produce an excellent, inexpensive, and very marketable fodder for grazing animals.
  • The new technique is achieving success in Mexico and could be applied to global degraded lands. Experts with World Agroforestry warn, though, that agave and mesquite are highly invasive outside their region, but suggest that similar botanical pairings of native species are potentially possible elsewhere.

Worse may lie ahead. Scientists warn that 24 billion tons of fertile soil are being lost each year, largely due to unsustainable agriculture practices. If this trend continues, they say, 95% of Earth’s land area could be degraded by 2050 — a dangerously unsustainable situation.

However, practical solutions exist, according to Gary Nabhan, a professor at the University of Arizona and one of the world’s leading experts on farming on arid land. “Over the last 50 years, most top-down rural development projects, have failed terribly,” he explains. “But there are guys trying out new ideas at the margins of conventional agriculture, which is where all lasting innovations in agriculture come from. We have to listen to them.”A woman tending to an agave plant on Mexico’s degraded lands. When agave grows to this size, the plants require maintenance. The woman is pruning old and damaged pencas, removing “offspring,” so that the mother plant will conserve energy. she then plants the seedlings elsewhere. Image courtesy of Alejandro Vasconcelos.

Troubled times are the mother of invention

One such solution is emerging in Guanajuato state in central Mexico. New ideas are certainly needed in this Latin American nation as it faces climate change-induced severe drought, which is currently affecting 85% of the country. In recent weeks, the rains brought some relief to Guanajuato, though many other parts of the country remain parched.

But even when precipitation eventually does spread to the rest of Mexico, prospects for small-scale farmers are not good. According to Rafael Sánchez, a water expert at the Autonomous University of Chapingo, aquifers are completely depleted. “I have no doubt that in 2022 there will be a crisis, a great crisis,” he warned, anticipating social unrest.

Worst hit by Mexico’s deepening droughts are peasant farm families, many of them working on communal land, known as ejidos. Most ejidos are already economically unviable, and for some, further drought could be the final straw.

More and more farmers could be forced to leave their land, with the men undertaking the dangerous journey north to the now-closed U.S. border in the hopes of earning cash to send home, while women, old people and children struggle on with failing farms. Without remittances from family in the U.S., many of these farms would have gone bankrupt long ago.Earlier this year, Ejido Los Toriles community members spent a day in La Huizachada, the ejido belonging to Doña Juana (dressed in pink), to attend a workshop on “The prevention, detection and treatment of agave pests and diseases.” The event was set up by a community group, Somos Mezcaleros, and led by farmer and agronomist Alejandro Vasconcelos. Image courtesy of Alejandro Vasconcelos.

Now a new initiative offers a way forward to these families. It is the brainchild not of a high-tech company or government, but of a local farmer, José Flores Gonzalez, who, with his two brothers, runs a farm in the municipality of Luis de La Paz, which borders San Miguel de Allende. Their farm once covered 1,000 hectares (about 2,500 acres), but little by little the family was forced to sell parcels, until they were left with a tenth of its original size.

Like so many others, the three brothers sought employment away from their farm. Flores Gonzalez studied mechanical engineering and became a lecturer at a local university.

As the years passed, the land degradation and drought situation in the vast semiarid region worsened. With few options, families overgrazed their pastures, trying to squeeze out what subsistence livelihood they could — wearing out the land even more. Francisco Peyret, the San Miguel de Allende municipality environment and sustainability director, says the scale of the calamity is evident to everyone: “Some of the areas around here look as if they’re on Mars. They really have no soil.”

Growing all around: ‘The world’s cheapest fodder’

Flores Gonzalez lamented a predicament that had become desperate not only for his family but his neighbors. But he didn’t despair. Instead, he worked to take advantage of his academic training and harness the peculiar growing habits of the few hardy plants that flourish on the region’s dry, degraded lands. Eventually he found a way to restore the ecosystem and potentially revive the peasant farm community economy.

Ronnie Cummins, founder of the Organic Consumers Association — who today spends most of the year in San Miguel de Allende working with Via Orgânica, the Mexican branch of the NGO Regeneration International — remembers his sudden excitement when he realized what Flores Gonzalez had envisioned.

“We were teaching a workshop on compost” in 2019, Cummins recalls. “Afterwards a scientist, Juan Frias, came up to me and told me that three brothers had developed a revolutionary new system of intercropping agave with mesquite trees to produce ‘the world’s cheapest fodder,’” which was also able to sequester “carbon from the air.” It seemed almost too good to be true, but Flores Gonzalez had discovered something quite new.Ronnie Cummins standing in front of agave plants that his organization, Via Orgânica, the Mexican branch of Regeneration International, is encouraging peasant farmers to grow. Image courtesy of Via Orgânica.

Agave and mesquite are both common native plants to Mexico’s semiarid lands. Indigenous populations have used agave maybe for millennia, making alcoholic beverages out of it, such as tequila, pulque and mescal. Mesquite pods have traditionally been used to make atole, a beverage popular during Mexico’s Day of the Dead festivities.

The two plants survive in the desert in very different ways. Agaves, known as maguey in Mexico, have shallow root systems and draw moisture directly from the air, storing it in their thick, thorny leaves, known as pencas. Unlike a lot of plants, they absorb most of their carbon dioxide at night. This means that far less water evaporates off the leaves through transpiration, allowing the plant to produce significant amounts of biomass, even under conditions of severely restricted water availability and prolonged drought.

In contrast, mesquites, the common name for several plants in the genus Prosopis, have extremely long roots and seek water deep underground. As a legume, they are one of the few plants in the desert to capture nitrogen from the air, and are able as a result to replenish soil fertility.

Agaves contain highly indigestible saponins and lectins, developed by nature to protect the plants from predators, so farmers have never been able to get their animals to readily eat the pencas. At best, they have dried them, thus losing all the precious nutrients contained in the liquid in their leaves, and then mixed the remaining plant matter with other fodder.Agricultural murals on the wall in Via Orgânica’s headquarters in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico. Images courtesy of Via Orgânica.

A week after meeting Frias, Cummins and others from Via Orgânica watched a group of sheep and goats gobbling down pencas and mesquite pods at Flores Gonzalez’ farm. “They were eating it like it was candy. It was amazing!” he exclaims.

When he later visited the farm, Nabhan was just as stunned. He remembers: “Before they could even open the gates, the sheep dogs ran in and [even they] started eating the fermented agave and mesquite and, once the gates were open, there was a feeding frenzy. The livestock loved it so much!”

The explanation for the extraordinary change in eating behavior is a new use for a process nearly as ancient as agriculture. Flores Gonzalez had discovered that fermentation could turn the agave pencas into a digestible fodder. “They chop up the pencas finely and put them in sealed-up containers for a month or a month and a half. The pencas ferment and become digestible,” Cummins explains. “These farmers had figured out something that no one else had ever done, including the Indigenous.”

Flores Gonzalez’ method, which he calls the Agroforestry Zamarripa System, intercrops agave with mesquite. Cummins says the two plants grow well together: “The mesquite, or other nitrogen-fixing trees such as huizache or acacia, fix the nitrogen and nutrients into the soil and the agave draws upon them in order to grow and produce significant amounts of animal forage.”

The plants don’t even need to be irrigated, an enormous advantage. Guanajuato only gets 500 millimeters (20 inches) of precipitation in an average July-October “rainy season.” That’s followed by eight months with little or no rain. Most farmers make do with the rain they can collect and store.

The plentiful supply of basic ingredients and the simplicity of the new process makes the fodder extremely cheap, costing just 5 U.S. cents per kilogram to produce (about 2 cents per pound), far cheaper than the alfalfa or hay farmers often use for forage. Importantly, the agave-mesquite process is a big step toward making small-scale peasant farming viable again in semiarid Mexico. And as a bonus, it could reduce the exodus of climate refugees streaming to the U.S.José Flores González next to an agave plant with his family. Image courtesy of José Flores González.In 2019 and 2020, members of the Ejido Los Toriles community — aided by a community, management, soil recovery and reforestation specialist — built stone barriers, known as gaviones. These barriers will stem runoff from the watershed after heavy rain, allowing earth and vegetation to start accumulating in the gavion, resulting in soil recuperation. As the photo shows, agaves are also planted in strategic places to fix the soil in place more firmly. Image courtesy of Alejandro Vasconcelos.

Local resistance to the new, then slow acceptance

Still, Flores Gonzalez has not found it easy to get traditional farmers to accept his innovation. “We’ve been energetically promoting the idea for four years but, unfortunately, without great success,” he laments.

Ercila Sahores, Latin American director for Via Orgânica, admits it’s hard to overcome entrenched attitudes: “Peasant farmers have believed for centuries that agave isn’t digestible.”

Also, the local pattern of land ownership doesn’t facilitate change: “Many peasants work on collective lands, where change has to be introduced through consensus and this takes time,” Sahores says.

Perhaps the biggest problem of all is that much of the local land is now so degraded that reforestation, even with agave and mesquite, is a slow, tortuous process.

However, over the last two years, with the growing involvement of Via Orgânica, other NGOs, and the San Miguel de Allende municipal government, implementation is happening.#Peasant farmers, mainly women, tending the agave. With the escalating rural economic crisis in full swing, many men have little choice but to migrate to the U.S. where they hope they can find work and send money to their families. Many women are left to run the farms, with the aid of old people and children. Image courtesy of Alejandro Vasconcelos.

“We, the municipal government, work with communities,” Peyret explains. “We go into the ejidos, and they decide what they want to restore. They have long been aware of the urgent need to restore the land, but alone they haven’t had the resources to attempt this work.”

Once the peasant farmers communally decide which area to work on, they then commit to not grazing their animals there for several years. Peyret continues: “Agave is one of the first things we plant. It feels comfortable in the worst places and in the worst conditions, even in a bad drought, as we have had this year. If you place it on a rock where there is almost no soil, it will grow much more strongly than on arable land in a flat area. Indeed, people say ‘Make agave suffer’ for you will have a better outcome.”

The government provides the peasant farmers with enticements: temporary jobs, the chance to rebuild their vegetable gardens, the donation of native plants and trees, including agave, and the construction of water catchment systems.

The peasant farmers are also keen to grow agave, even if many of them remain skeptical of the new fermentation process, because they know that, after a decade or so of growing it, they’ll be able to produce pulque, a traditional fermented drink made by fermenting agave sap, known as aguamiel. Well before that, they can begin to experiment with the fermentation process. Acceptance is now growing.Containers used to ferment the agave at the Cañada de la Virgen organic farm. Image courtesy of Alejandro Vasconcelos.

Expanding agave–mesquite fodder production

A network of NGOs, coordinated by the municipal government, has now organized the Climate Action Plan. Together, they’re combating soil erosion and promoting the Agroforestry Zamarripa System. Peyret estimates that community farmers have already restored some 1,500 hectares (3,700 acres). But that’s just a start.

One small-scale farmer, Alejandro Vasconcelos, who holds a degree in sustainable and ecological agriculture, has become a program trainer. “I have trained over 400 farmers from Guanajuato state and another 100 from other states. The vast majority are very poor with no access to irrigation.” He is very enthusiastic: “The fermentation produces fodder that costs just 1 Mexican peso per kilo. And, once the farmers realize that they can fatten their cattle in such a cheap way, they totally accept the technology.”

Cummins agrees. “Our center received the visit of 30 farmers from Tlaxcala [another central Mexican state]. As soon as they saw animals eating the chopped-up pencas, it was as if a lightbulb had been turned on. The next day they ordered five [fermentation] machines [from Flores Gonzalez]. When they realized there was going to be a delay, they ordered another machine from the tequila industry and modified the blades [for use with agave]. Then they started giving the fodder to their donkeys, sheep and goats. With great success.”Alejandro Vasconcelos with his children. Vasconcelos has played a key role in promoting the agave fermentation system. Image via Facebook.Participants in an “Introduction to Agave” course carried out in Guanajuato state, and including the community of San Miguel de Allende. Only three or four participants come from the same community, so the famers can go back home and teach their neighbors. The farmers hear about the origins of agave and are trained in ways they can increase their income from agave farming, with all the techniques based on an eco-friendly, polyculture way of organic farming. Image courtesy of Alejandro Vasconcelos.

Via Orgânica expects that farmers can branch out over the long term. “Meat from animals reared on the pencas can be certified as organic and biodynamic,” Cummins explains. “Organic lamb can command a high price. And then there’s collagen, bone broth, and so on.” A bright future beckons, if the initiative can become established in this bone-dry land.

The effort brings other significant benefits, though not ones that bring such quick returns to farmers. One bonus is agave’s capacity to sequester carbon. According to Cummins, agave-based agroforestry, with 2,000 agaves per hectare, can store about 73.6 tons of carbon aboveground over a 10-year period, not counting the carbon stored by companion trees or shrubs such as mesquites and acacias.

He has made other exciting, far-reaching calculations: “This system has the capacity to sequester 100% of Mexico’s current [annual] greenhouse gas emissions (590 million tons of CO2) if deployed on approximately 1.1% or 2.2 million hectares (5.4 million acres) of the nation’s total land mass.” It is, he says, “among the most soil regenerative schemes on Earth, especially considering the fact that it can be deployed on degraded land, basically overgrazed and unsuitable for growing crops, with no irrigation or chemical inputs required whatsoever.”

Nabhan points up another benefit. “Mexico now has the highest rate of late onset diabetes of any country in the world, and childhood obesity will mean even higher rates in the future,” he says. Agave and mesquite could be part of the solution. They contain a chemical called inulin, which promotes digestive health by serving as a prebiotic that aids good gut bacteria, he says.

“You not only have a cheap and nutritious animal food, but also a way of tackling diabetes,” concludes Nabhan. This could save Mexico’s health service millions of dollars, he says.

Nabhan notes that peasant farming in Mexico has been in decline for more than a half century. “To see the chance of renewal is almost like a miracle,” he exclaims.

The potential is so great for the agave-mesquite fermentation process that it is already being transplanted into another region and nation wracked by drought: just north of the Mexico-U.S. border, in the state of Arizona. But Nabhan guesses that the scheme will advance more quickly in Mexico: “If necessity and hunger are the mother of invention, Ronnie and the Zamarippa Agave Agroforestry System have pressures working on their side. People need an alternative because they can’t farm or ranch as they did in the past. What they are proposing is really one of the only ways out of this dilemma.”

Cummins believes that Flores Gonzalez’ Agroforestry Zamarripa System could be applied in many other parts of the world. “We think agroforestry is at the cutting edge for agriculture regeneration. About 40% of the world’s terrain is arid or semiarid and different varieties of agave and nitrogen-fixing native trees are already growing in half of these areas. The possibilities are immense.” With options for combating soil degradation in short supply, many farmers and nations will be following the Guanajuato experiment with great interest.Cummins believes that Flores Gonzalez’ Agroforestry Zamarripa System could be applied in other parts of the world, and that agroforestry is at the cutting edge for agriculture regeneration. Image courtesy of José Flores González.

Editor’s note: Experts warn against moving mesquite and agave around the world any more than they have already been: “They are problematic outside their natural ecosystems. One of the mesquites is among the most invasive plants ever,” says Cathy Watson, Chief of Partnerships at CIFOR-ICRAF. Agave americana is a “serious environmental weed” and Prosopis juliflora, brought to East Africa in the 1990s as a hoped-for source of wood, is expanding dramatically with millions of hectares dominated by it in Kenya and Ethiopia alone. FAO describes it as a “thorny, dominant and thirsty tree” that has invaded grazing areas in Africa, posing a major threat to rural livelihoods, outcompeting native vegetation and devastating productive rangeland.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.11:   2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com