Categories
GALLERY PHOTOS

GALLERY AUTUMN ~ ENGLAND 🇬🇧

Categories
Ace Breaking News

ENGLAND: FA Confirm Team Will Not Play Russia While They Wage WAR on Ukraine

This is our daily post that is shared across Twitter & Telegram and published first on here with Kindness & Love ❤️❤️ on My.Daz.blog

#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Feb.27, 2022 @AceBreakingNews 

Ace News Room Cutting Floor 27/02/2022

Follow Our Breaking & Daily News Here As It Happens:

#AceSportsDesk says England will refused to play Russia at any level while the conflict with Ukraine wages on, the Football Association have confirmed: MetroUK By Sun.27, Feb 2022 6:54 pm

A statement read: ‘Out of solidarity with the Ukraine and to wholeheartedly condemn the atrocities being committed by the Russian leadership, the FA can confirm that we won’t play against Russia in any international fixtures for the foreseeable future.

‘This includes any potential match at any level of senior, age group of para football.’

The Russian national team are due to take part in the upcoming World Cup play-offs
The Russian national team are due to take part in the upcoming World Cup play-offs (Picture: Getty)

More to follow…

#AceNewsDesk report …………Published: Feb.27: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts from Twitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

Categories
Ace Daily News

(ENGLAND) RSPCA Report: A missing wallaby has finally been caught after dodging several capture attempts during three weeks on the run in the countryside #AceNewsDesk report

#AceNewsReport – Jan.27: He then evaded three attempts to capture him — including kicking himself out of a cage when he was finally trapped on January 15.

#AceDailyNews says according to local media report a seven-month-old Ant hopped it from his enclosure at Tiny Steps Petting Farm in Thurlby, Lincolnshire, on January 5 leaving behind his pal by MetroUK

RSPCA catch missing wallaby that hopped it for three weeks SWNS
Ant the wallaby escaped his enclosure on January 5 (Picture: RSPCA / SWNS)

Ant continued to enjoy his freedom but owner Tracey Hall feared for his safety as he was crossing busy and dangerous roads.

He was regularly spotted near a golf course and a local nature reserve as he carried on giving animal officers the slip.

But on Sunday morning he was found safe and well in one of several feeding stations which had been set up in the area to help catch him.

Ant has now been moved home and reunited with his companion Dec back at the petting zoo, much to the delight of Tracey.

She wrote on social media: ‘Tiny Steps Petting Farm would like to share some great news today… Ant is finally home, safe and sound.

Lost wallaby
The lost wallaby was regularly seen at a local golf course (Picture: Tiny Steps Petting Farm/SWNS)

‘While checking the feeding stations this morning, Ant was found in the cage, very calm and not particularly phased by it.

‘Justin from the RSPCA who has been helping us came out immediately (on his day off, again!) and a plan was agreed to safely transport Ant back to his home with Dec.

‘Our vet is attending to check him over as a precaution, just to make sure he is fit and healthy.’

Ace More On Animals

zone post image for post 15967480

Rhino who cried after poacher hacked off his horn released back into wild

zone post image for post 15955663

Battle to save ‘factory-farmed’ puppies flown to overseas labs for experiments

zone post image for post 15971919

Swimmers trapped as huge shark circles popular Australian tourist spot

Justin Stubbs, from the RSPCA, added: ‘It has been an interesting and emotionally draining three weeks but it’s fantastic to have caught him.

‘The local support has been phenomenal and the use of a custom-made trap from Ravenswood Rescue near Chatteris made all the difference.

‘I’ll be popping by to see the two boys — Ant and Dec — together again this week.’

#AceNewsDesk report ……….Published: Jan.27: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

Categories
Ace Daily News

STONEHENGE: The moon moves through many phases and can have a profound effect on our energy and mindset as it transitions through the night sky: So what are the full moon dates and names in 2022?

Stargazers are set to witness some impressive celestial sights in 2022. As well as the full moons that come round every month, there will also be a series of supermoons to look out for.

Full Moon over Stonehenge: Photo credits to Stonehenge Dronescapes

Here’s all of the full moon dates for 2022.January 17th 2022: Full Wolf MoonFebruary 15th 2022: Full Snow MoonMarch 18th 2022: Full Worm MoonApril 16th 2022: Full Pink MoonMay 16th 2022: Full Flower MoonJune 14th 2022: Full Strawberry MoonJuly 13th 2022: Full Black MoonAugust 12th 2022: Full Sturgeon MoonSeptember 10th 2022: Full Harvest MoonOctober 9th 2022: Full Hunters MoonNovember 8th 2022: Full Frost MoonDecember 8th 2022: Full Cold Moon

There are heaps of celestial events to look forward to in 2022. From meteor showers to solstices, equinoxes and glowing supermoons, Country Living have compiled your ultimate calendar guide to the very best astronomical events.

Stonehenge is situated on the edge of Salisbury Plain, the Landscape occupies a large, sparsely populated area ideal for stargazing.  These dark skies provide the perfect environment to see the stars in all their detail, so why not organise a night-time trip to see what you can discover? The National Trust mention Stonehenge as one of their top stargazing spots in the south west of England and it’s easy to see why. The timeless landscape surrounding Stonehenge is sparsely populated owing to the fact of its close proximity to Salisbury Plain and also due to Stonehenge being part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Keep an eye out for stargazing events organised by the National Trust and English Heritage here. 

Full Moon and Stonehenge Related links:

Stonehenge Dronescapes 2022 A3 Calendar – Purchase on EBAY
When is the next full Moon? Royal Museum Greenwich
Ancient Skies: Stonehenge and the Moon – Stonehenge News Blog
A simple-to-use tool for exploring and looking at the different Phases of the Moon. Moon Phases 2022.
Full list of 2022 astronomical events to look for – Daily Express
When is the next full moon? Your lunar astronomy guide – Science Focus
Visit Stonehenge and learn more about the astronomy of Stonehenge – Stonehenge Guided Tours8 must-see stargazing events to watch in 2022 – National Geographic
Month-by-month calendar guide to the best celestial events in 2022 – Country Living
Stonehenge and Ancient Astronomy. Stonehenge and Avebury World Heritage Site
Stonehenge Full Moon Guided Walking Tours. Explore the landscape with a local historian and astronomer.
Stonehenge Dronescapes. Amazing photos of Stonehenge. Visit the Facebookpage
Guided Tours of Stonehenge from Bath and Salisbury – Stonehenge and Salisbury Guided Tours

#AceNewsDesk report ………….Published: Jan.16: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

Categories
World History & Research Reports

(ENGLAND) Puritan Family Christmas Report: A sixteenth-century Puritan family has been no stranger episode in the long history of the English Christmas than the attempt to suppress both the religious and the secular celebrations during the period between 1644 and 1659 #AceHistoryDesk report

#AceHistoryReport – Dec.22: The Puritans objected to the Popish associations of Christmas and to the excesses such as play-acting, gambling and dancing with which as the great national holiday it was associated more than any other season. But neither of the chief Puritan critics of Christmas before 1640 went so far as to advocate abolition.

#AceChristmasDesk says why was it made, and how far did it succeed? John Knox was alone among the great Reformers in condemning all Church festivals and, at any rate until the Civil Wars, few English Puritans seem to have wished to do away with Christmas as such.

A sixteenth-century Puritan family
History Today Report:

To others than their sympathizers it must sometimes have been a distinction without much of a difference.

Philip Stubbes’ complaint in the Anatomie of Abuses (1583), which dealt with the celebrations as part of a broad attack on the theatre and other follies of the nation, was that Christmas was the time of the year when the abuses were most flagrant. “Who is ignorant,” he asked, that at Christmas time “more mischief is committed than in all the year besides? What masking and mumming? whereby robberies, whoredom, murder, and what not, is committed? What dicing and carding, what banqueting and feasting, is then used more than in all the year besides!” In Histriomastixin 1632, William Prynne took Christmas as the worst example of the festivals that were devoted to the theatre and spent in “amorous, mixed, voluptuous, un-Christian, that I say not, pagan dancing.” Why, he asked, could not the English nation observe festivals and especially Christmas” without drinking, roaring, healthing, dicing, carding, masques and stage-plays? which better become the sacrifices of Bacchus, than the resurrection, the incarnation of our most blessed Saviour.” If Turks and infidels were to behold the Bacchanalian Christmas extravagances would they not think our Saviour to be a “glutton, an epicure, a wine-bibber, a devil, a friend of publicans and sinners?” The celebrations were derived from the Saturnalia and the Bacchanalia. Christmas, as it was kept, could be more truly termed Devil’s mass or Saturn’s mass.

Exaggerated though they were, there was much force in these criticisms of the contemporary celebrations-particularly in high society. Moderate opinion agreed that there were excesses that needed to be curbed, and if the critics had stopped there, they would have had a large measure of support. They forfeited sympathy-and foreshadowed the extravagances of the forties and fifties-when they extended their objections to customs that were harmless arid pleasant, and the pedantry in which some of them indulged made them easy targets for ridicule. It was one thing to carry their convictions into practice themselves like, for example, the eccentric Lady Margaret Hoby, who in the latter years of Elizabeth’s reign devoted Christmas Day to prayer, Bible reading and self-examination. It was another to inveigh against New Year gifts and evergreens; or, like a. Puritan caricatured by Sir Thomas Overbury, to attack the Pope by refusing to eat plum-broth; or to condemn those who ate mince-pies . as Papists and idolaters. As Thomas Warmstry pointed out, the remedy for anybody who objected to receiving New Year gifts was to make this known and not to trouble further the consciences of possible donors. There was also the objection to the word “Christmas” because it incorporated the Popish “mass.” “Christ-tide, I pray you,” said the Puritan Ananias in Jonson’s The Alchemist.

Sir Toby Belch gave the unanswerable reply to pedantry run mad: “Dost thou think,” he asked Malvolio, “that because thou art virtuous, there shall be no more cakes and ale ?” Serious exponents of the case for Christmas wisely did not contend that the celebrations were in all respects worthy of the Nativity feast, but they made essentially the same point as Sir Toby. A custom was not necessarily to be condemned because it was heathen, said Warmstry. “It is a Custome with Heathens to kneele at prayer, yet this is no Heathenish custome.” Nobody put the case into better perspective than George Herbert. “The country parson is a lover of old customs, if they be good and  harmless; and the rather because country people are much addicted to them, so that to favour them therein is to win their hearts, and to oppose them therein is to deject them. If there be any ill in the customs, that may be. severed from the good, he pares the apple, and gives them the clean to feed on.”

The Puritan leaders must have been aware of the risks that they took, not perhaps so much in proscribing the religious celebrations – this, after all, was inseparable from their general policy towards the Church of England – as in trying to stop the majority of English people from keeping the most popular of all holidays in ways that were hallowed by tradition and sentiment. But they were impelled by the logic of their own policies and the pressure of their more extreme supporters, and their position was made more difficult by the skill with which Royalist propagandists identified the celebration of Christmas with the good old days and the cause of King and Church.

The ban on the performance of plays, which was imposed in 1642, inhibited the keeping of Christmas, particularly in London: Christmas had been the peak of the theatrical season. In 1643, to the dismay of some of the Scots, the Assembly of Divines decided to adjourn over Christmas Day, the majority resolving (said the Scottish Presbyterian, Robert Baillie) that they would preach “that day, till Parliament should reform it in an orderly way,” but none the less the minority had the satisfaction of being able to persuade both Houses of Parliament to sit. It was not, however, until 1644 that Parliament took any positive action against .the general observance of Christmas. Its hands were forced by an accident of the calendar and pressure from the Scots. In Scotland the Presbyterians had secured a ban on Christmas celebrations as long ago as 1583, though they had not found it easy to put down snowballing, football, guising, carol-singing and other profane pastimes. In 1618 they had been compelled to accept an order of the King that Christmas and certain other festivals should be kept, but the General Assembly had set this aside in 1638. They came to England with rigid views which in the circumstances of 1644 they were in a position to press. For some time the Parliamentary leaders were able to resist demands that Christmas should be abolished in England, but it happened that in 1644 Christmas Day fell upon a Wednesday, and the last Wednesday in each month was by law to be kept as a day of solemn fast and penance. The question was whether December 25th should be an exception to the general rule. In deference to the Scots, Parliament decided with evident unwillingness that it should not.

This decision does not seem to have been of much importance in practice. It was widely disregarded, and according to one account all the London shops closed as usual: in the previous year: some are said to have opened, presumably because of the convictions of their owners. In 1645 the religious but not the secular celebrations were outlawed as a result of another general measure-  the substitution of the Presbyterian Directory of Public Prayer for the Book of Common Prayer. ” O blessed Reformation! ” commented a friend to Sir John Oglander, ” the church doors all shut, and the tavern doors all open!” Parliament met as usual, and the Commons sat in Committee of Privileges. At least one enthusiast, General Browne, who was a Presbyterian, took it upon himself to proclaim the abolition of Christmas. This was at Abingdon, and he “sent out his warrants for men to work on that day especially.”

The first big test of the determination of the regime and of popular affection for Christmas was delayed until 1647, when the authorities tried to enforce general legislation, passed in the summer, under which all festivals or holidays “heretofore superstitiously used” were no longer to be kept. The effect was that for the first time Christmas Day could lawfully be observed neither as a religious nor a secular holiday. The timing was unpropitious. That winter there was a wave of popular sympathy for the King. When Christmas came there was both passive and active resistance. Some London shops closed in defiance of Parliament and some that opened were attacked. In one incident the Lord Mayor was met with jeers, and made an undignified departure when his horse bolted. Officers had to be sent to remove the evergreens from a number of London churches, including St. Margaret’s in the shadow of Parliament itself; In the’ proceedings that followed, the churchwardens and clerk of St. Margaret’s advanced a provocative defence. The parishioners, they said, thought that so few people would be at work on Christmas Day that it would be better to draw people to a sermon than that they should misspend their time in taverns.

Lives were lost in riots at Ipswich, skulls were broken in Oxford, there were disturbances in Ealing, and ten thousand men of Kent and Canterbury passed an ominous resolution: “If they could not have their Christmas day, they would have the King back on his throne.” This came after disorderly scenes in Canterbury, where crowds defiantly played football in the streets and frustrated the attempts of the Mayor to enforce the opening of the market. Twelve shops at most opened, but the mob threw their wares “up and down” and forced them to shut. They also knocked down the Mayor and rescued some prisoners from gaol. The sequel to these events suggests that the central government was more prudent than the local authorities and is evidence of the sympathy that was felt for the rioters in the county. Parliament refused to agree to a proposal of the County Committee for Kent that the ringleaders should be dealt with summarily under martial law, but insisted that they should be tried by jury in the normal courts. But the grand jury twice refused a true bill, and in the end the prisoners had to be discharged.

It is difficult to say who won this trial of strength. There was to be no repetition of the outbreaks of 1647, and if some Royalist writers are to be believed, the suppression of Christmas was effective. On the other hand, to judge from some of the opponents of Christmas, the law was widely disregarded; and if aggressive disobedience was uncommon, there is much evidence of non-compliance.

The authorities were in a dilemma. The issue was not simply – as Royalist propaganda liked to suggest – whether harmless old customs should be permitted. The religious observances were flatly inconsistent with the proscription of the Book of Common Prayer, and secular celebrations might be a demonstration of sympathy with King and Church. Yet it was a mistake to alienate support by rigid insistence upon the letter of the law, and moderate opinion among the Puritan leaders was not opposed to some of the Christmas customs, including even dancing and the theatre within limits. There is some evidence that Cromwell actually went out of his way to celebrate the New Year, notwithstanding that it fell within the Twelve Days and the objections that some fanatics had to New Year gifts: in 1656 drummers and trumpeters were sent to play for· foreign embassies on·New Year’s Day, and the Protector sent handsome gifts to the ambassadors and ministers.

Yet the leadership could not disregard the constant pressure from extremists or ignore the political implications of ill-judged tolerance. The extreme point of view was expressed in the “terrible Remonstrance against Christmas day, grounded upon divine Scriptures,” which was presented to Parliament in 1652. This spoke of “Anti-Christ’s Masse, and those Masse-Mongers and Papists who observe it.” It led Parliament to enact that December 25th should not be solenmized in churches or observed in any other way, and that town criers should each year remind the people that Christmas Day and other superstitious festivals must not be kept and that the markets and shops should remain open on December 25th.

In practice a middle course seems to have been pursued. Bishop Duppa, who was responsible to Charles II for the maintenance of the Church of England, wrote just before Christmas in 1655 that Church people were ”yet suffered to offer up the public prayers and sacrifices of the Church, though it be under private roofs, nor do I hear of any for the present either disturbed or troubled for doing it.” But policy fluctuated according to the circumstances, and it is likely that for understandable reasons the authorities were stricter in London than elsewhere. In 1659 Duppa drew a distinction between Richmond, where he was living, and London, where the worship of God had been prohibited with such severity on “those days” that some had begun to doubt whether “they shall be suffered to be Christians any longer or no.”

John Evelyn’s experience supports this view. Each year from 1652 to 1655, he noted the absence of Christmas Day services in London, though in 1652 he found an “honest” divine who preached at Lewis ham on Boxing Day. In 1656, however, he went especially to London to receive the sacrament at “Dr. Wild’s lodgings, where I rejoiced to find so full an assembly of devout and sober Christians.” In 1657 his friends were bolder. The sacrament was actually being administered in Exeter Chapel when soldiers placed the congregation under arrest. When Evelyn was examined, he was asked why “contrary to the ordinance made, that none should any longer observe the superstitious time of the Nativity … I durst offend, and particularly be at Common Prayers, which they told me was but the mass in English, . and particularly pray for Charles Stuart.”

Too much should not he read into this episode. The assembly was obviously provocative. Like others which were similarly raided, it was held in direct defiance of an express order by the Protector and the Council, and the stress that was laid on the prayers for the King will be noted. Clearly, however, public services could not be held without serious risk, and it may be assumed that for all practical purposes Christmas, like other church holidays, ceased to be observed as a religious festival except in the privacy of the home. It might be supposed from some Royalist writings that Christmas was also virtually dead as a popular holiday. “Old Christmas now is come to town,” said the broadsheet Mercurius Democritus in 1652, “though few him do regard.” The theme of a pamphlet called The Vindication of Christmas in 1653 was the rejection of old Father Christmas and his failure to find anyone to welcome him until he reached a remote farm in Devonshire. Here Christmas was being kept in the old style and in pursuits that could give offence to nobody. It is probably true, too, that many people were easily reconciled to the abolition of Christmas. As early as 1646 Ralph Josselin noted that many London families were “weaned ” from the old “sports and pastimes”.

The evidence to the contrary seems, on the other hand, to be conclusive. Too much importance need not be attached to the fulminations of the extremists, but, judging from the most visible sign of passive resistance, the closing of shops, the majority of people never acquiesced. In 1650 the Council of State complained of the “very wilful and strict observation of the day” in London and Middlesex by “a general keeping of their shops shut up.” In the same areas the ordinance of 1652 was ostentatiously disobeyed. According to the Weekly Intelligencer, almost all the shops in the City of London were shut, “and so were the churchdoors.” It was as rare, said the Flying Eagle, to see a shop open, “as to see a Phenix, or Birds of Paradice.” And of two shops that did open it was said that one shopkeeper had better have given fifty pounds, “his wares were so dirtied.” In 1656 it was suggested that there were even defaulters in Parliament itself. It was observed that the House was thin, “much, I believe, occasioned by observation of this day,” and a Bill was read “for the abolishing and taking away of festival days, commonly called holy days.” One speaker in the debate said that he could not rest all night “for the preparation of this foolish day’s solemnity,” and another that in many places the day was kept more strictly than the Sabbath and that it was possible to go from the Tower to Westminster without a shop being open or a creature stirring. ” We are, I doubt, returning to popery,” he concluded. In 1657 the Council ordered the authorities of London and Westminster to enforce the law, but once again it was reported that all the shops were shut.

What happened behind the closed shutters? Ralph Josselin, who himself conformed, but retained his old sympathies, heard in 1652 that Londoners bought “bay, holly and ivy wonderfully for Christmas, being eagerly set on the feast.” A botanical work published in 1656 referred to mistletoe being transported long distances for sale at Christmas-time. Of one thing it is possible to be reasonably certain. The English Christmas was not complete without the roast beef or the goose or the turkey, the plum-broth and the mince-pie. According to the Vindication of Christmas, the Puritans assumed “power and authority to plunder pottage-pots, to ransack ovens, and to strip spits stark naked.” That this was not entirely fanciful is shown by the case of the minister in Scotland who in 1659 searched houses that they might not have a Christmas goose.

The likelihood is that the analysis made by the Flying Eagle in 1652 was substantially sound. The citizens made the belly their God, it said. For its sake they disobeyed Parliament ‘and the Ten Commandments. “Yea, the Theefe will steale and rob his own father against Christmas, and the poore will pawn all to the Cloaths of their back to provide Christmas pies for their bellies, and the broath of Abominable things in their Vessels.” There was no telling who would yield to this most insidious temptation of the Devil. None other than Hugh Peters was charged in 1652 with preaching against Christmas Day and then eating two mince-pies for his dinner.

It was indeed ironical if, as Bishop Duppa said in 1655, “though the religious part of this holy time is laid aside, yet the eating part is observed by the holiest of the brethren.” It is certainly plausible.

#AceNewsDesk report ………….Published: Dec.22: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

Categories
World History & Research Reports

(ENGLAND) Cost of Clothes Murder Report: Could something as mundane as a shirt ever be the motive for murder? What if clothing were more expensive than rent or a mortgage? In 1636 a maidservant, Joan Burs, went out to buy mercury #AceHistoryDesk report

#AceHistoryReport – Dec.18: It is no wonder, therefore, that there was a thriving black market for second-hand clothing of dubious provenance; much of the clothing worn by the middling and working classes essentially ‘fell off a cart’.

#AceHistoryDesk News Report: Crimes of Fashion: A toxic heavy metal, mercury causes damage to the nervous system and can feel like insects are crawling beneath the skin. Burs baked the poison into a milk posset (which often contained spices and alcohol that might have masked the bitter taste), planning to kill her mistress. She believed that if the lady of the house were dead, she herself might get better clothing. By Sophie Shorland

A public washing ground. English 17th-century engraving. Alamy.
A public washing ground. English 17th-century engraving. Alamy.

The simplest kind of coat cost £1, which was 20 days’ labour for a skilled tradesman. Clothes were sometimes mentioned first in a will, since they could be more expensive than a house. Even the well-off, such as Samuel Pepys, remade and refashioned existing garments as much as they could rather than buying new.

The web of how such things were acquired could become extremely complex, as tinkers hawked both new and second-hand wares, and items were passed on or exchanged – not to mention the markets that thrived on the clothing trade. To supply the country’s insatiable demand for new clothes, thieves might strip drunk people on their way home from a night out, force doors, or even tear down walls. In urban areas in 17th-century England stolen clothes accounted for the most prosecutions of any crime. It was rare for anyone to commit (or attempt to commit) murder over an item of clothing, but the motivations for stealing were broad. Often, they were crimes of opportunity: freshly washed linen hung out to dry on hedges, awaiting capture from any passer-by.

Some thefts, however, were more complicated, involving acting and the tricks of the con-artist’s trade. One cold winter’s night (since it was the little ice age, every winter’s night was cold), a teenage boy was sent on a simple errand. All he had to do was take some clothes – valued at about £4, no small sum – and deliver them to a gentleman across the city. Passing along Watling Street, a woman stopped him and demanded his name, his mother’s name, where he lived and what his errand was. He answered her questions and continued along his journey. Meanwhile, the woman passed all this information on to her partner-in-crime, who set off after the boy, hailing him by name and speaking of his mother. She asked him to buy a shoulder of mutton for her while she waited with the clothes. The boy did so, but returned to find no woman and no clothes. Such operations would have been immensely profitable and difficult to trace, as the stolen goods would have been sold on to the second-hand clothes dealers who supplied the whole country. 

No member of society was safe from the theft of clothes. Perhaps the best-loved, and certainly one of the best-known, celebrities of the Elizabethan period (as well as being Elizabeth I’s personal jester) was the clown Richard Tarlton, known for his witty comebacks and cheeky persona. One night, while Tarlton was downstairs at an inn, wearing only his shirt and nightgown, drinking with some musician friends, a thief crept into his room and stole all his clothes. The story travelled around London to great hilarity and the clown was publicly mocked when he next performed onstage. However, Tarlton had the somewhat macabre last laugh, responding to the crowd with one of the impromptu verses that made him famous. He declared,

When that the theefe shall Pine and lacke,
Then shall I have cloathes to my backe:
And I, together with my fellowes,
May see them ride to Tiborne Gallowes.

Those caught stealing clothes were frequently hanged at Tyburn, known as ‘Tyburn tree’. (Executions were supposed to deter thieving.) Spending their last night at Newgate prison, they would be paraded through the streets in a horse and cart before a boisterous crowd, all jostling for the best view of the condemned and hanging on the thief’s last words. Ironically, the events were prime sites for pickpockets.

While clothing could be the motive for theft or murder because it was so difficult to come by, an accurate description by a witness of the perpetrator’s clothing could secure a conviction. For example, after Francis Terry stole wheat from a barn in 1626 he left a distinctive footprint that made identifying him easy. The print showed three indentations mapped to three nails on the sole of Terry’s right boot. 

After other crimes, witnesses recalled a man in a red coat, wearing a hat with a hole in it, or dressed in grey clothes. Since many people only had one or two outfits, this was seen as positive proof and helped secure a conviction. Finally, in close communities where word of mouth was paramount, any change in clothing could arouse suspicion. Mary Watts gave the game away after allegedly stealing a silver bowl and some clothing, since she bought herself new clothes with the profits, to the shock of the community around her.

People in the 16th and 17th centuries had a relationship with clothing that is difficult to comprehend in an age of fast fashion, where clothes change with the seasons and any change in identity is instantly worn on the body. But, for early modern people, fashion was just as connected to identity. Most could not afford to change their clothes often, but their outfits became part of how they were seen and how they saw themselves. A change of clothing could provoke anger, hilarity, or even thoughts of murder.

#AceHistoryDesk report ………..Published: Dec.18: 2021:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily all of our posts fromTwitter can be found here: https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

Categories
English History World History & Research Reports

(LONDON) Hammersmith Bridge built in 1897 is in danger of falling down after carrying traffic beginning with horse & cart but strain of increased traffic has taken its toll and at a cost of £270-million and 6yrs before reopening its become care or repair for the council #AceHistoryDesk report

#AceHistoryReport – Apr.05: The bridge is nothing short of a Victorian-era masterpiece. Crafted out of cast iron, it was officially opened in 1887:

Ace says this is a $270 million battle to save an iconic London bridge from falling into the River Thames & in the meantime Transport for London said Uber Boat ferries would run a temporary ferry service from the end of the UK’s summer, carrying up to 800 passengers between both banks during peak times for a cost of $2.80 per fare’

In 2020 MetroUK reported on the condition of the bridge and works needed to be carried out at the time 

But many of the 35 bridges that span the Thames were originally built to carry horse and cart, and the strain of modern-day traffic is taking its toll as the magnificent Hammersmith Bridge is a case in point: It could have crumbled into the Thames below if it had not been urgently shut in April 2019.

updated Yesterday at 10:44pm

A steel suspension bridge spans the Thames River in London.
Hammersmith Bridge in London links Hammersmith on the north side of the Thames to Barnes on the south side.(ABC News: Andrew Greaves)

For more than 130 years it has withstood all that has been thrown at it, but breaking point came after a particularly warm summer saw large cracks worsen.

That, coupled with the weight of 22,000 motor vehicles and 16,000 pedestrians crossing it every day, was too much.

It closed, first to traffic and then to pedestrians, cutting off thousands of residents who rely on it to go about their everyday lives.

Warning signs in front of Hammersmith  Bridge indicate that it is shut.
Hammersmith Bridge has been closed to vehicles since April 2019, and pedestrians and cyclists since August last year.(ABC News: Andrew Greaves)

Toby Gordon-Smith, who uses a wheelchair, is one of them.

He lives a stone’s throw from the bridge in the suburb on Barnes, and can see his office in Hammersmith on the other side of the Thames from his ground floor flat.  

When Hammersmith Bridge was open, it took him 10 minutes to get to the office. Now it can take up to an hour and a half.

“I think I could probably get to my office from 80 per cent of London quicker than I could get to it from here and it’s visible from here. It’s ridiculous,” he told the ABC.

A man in a wheelchair sits in front of the closer Hammersmith Bridge.
Toby Gordon-Smith’s commute to work on the other side of the bridge took 10 minutes. Now it takes up to an hour and a half.(ABC News: Andrew Greaves)

He said the bridge had been poorly maintained since the local Hammersmith and Fulham council was given control of the structure during the Thatcher era.

“We could see this coming,” Mr Gordon-Smith said.

No quick fix

There are no quick fixes for the Hammersmith Bridge – the repair cost is estimated at around $270 million, which amounts to the entire annual budget of the local council, and it could take up to six years to reopen.

And the matter is politically sensitive.

It is not the residents of Hammersmith who are so deeply inconvenienced, but rather those in Barnes and beyond, in the borough of Richmond-upon-Thames.

“This is a major piece of infrastructure in a major international city, it is humiliating for the UK that you can’t even cross a river in the middle of their capital city,” Michelle Coulter, another infuriated resident, told the ABC.

The 10-minute jaunt across the bridge with her children to the classroom is a much more arduous bike ride now. 

“There was a survey done recently and 80 per cent of people who responded said the closure of the bridge had had a negative impact on their mental health,” Ms Coulter said.

“I know of at least one chemotherapy patient who has given up chemo because just doing the journey [to the hospital] is too difficult.”

It is not inconceivable that other bridges could suffer the same fate.

Vauxhall Bridge was closed for months last year when it underwent urgent repairs. London Bridge was also temporarily shut while undergoing work.

And Tower Bridge caused traffic chaos in August 2020 when its 1,200 bascules — the sections which allow the drawbridge to open — became stuck.

A red London double-decker bus crosses Tower Bridge.
London’s iconic Tower Bridge got stuck last August, causing traffic chaos on both sides of the Thames.(ABC News: Andrew Greaves)

“A lot of our structures that we have in this part of the world are approaching or have already exceeded what is known as their original life span,” Luke Prendergast, an Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Nottingham explained, pointing to the unrealistic expectation that bridges are built to last forever. 

“I don’t think we would expect to still have Westminster Bridge in place in 1,000 years’ time, it probably will have been changed by then and so when you’re talking about time scales you need to be a little careful and realistic about what to expect.”

London’s bridges are facing a perfect storm, according to Dr Prendergast with an increase in traffic and climate change putting great strain on the ageing structures.

“We are kind of at a critical juncture,” he said.

“It’s not really a surprise to me that these structures are under distress … you would expect to have to repair damage to our houses after a storm event, for example.”

Repair or replace?

The Hammersmith Bridge needs a great deal of tender loving care. Even rowboats cannot pass beneath it for fear it will collapse.

Repair signs stand in front of Hammersmith Bridge.
The bridge closure has dramatically increased the travel time for locals but there is no agreement on who will fund the upgrade.(ABC News: ANdrew Greaves)

But repairing it is not the only option. Many residents think it simply needs replacing.

“I think it’s a great opportunity to build a contemporary, modern structure, that nods towards the heritage of the original design,” Mr Gordon-Smith said, noting that cast iron is not used for construction anymore.

Michelle Coulter said while a lot of locals would like to see the bridge replaced with a structure fit for purpose that would also come with added complications.

“It is protected and there is a lot of vested interest in keeping that bridge there and repairing it,” she said. 

“But we need to get started with these repairs and we can’t start the repairs until the funding has been agreed.

“At the moment we are just sitting, waiting and nothing is happening.”

Hammersmith Bridge is reflected in the River Thames as the sun sets.
The current Hammersmith Bridge was completed in 1887 after three years of construction.(ABC News: Andrew Greaves)

One plan is for the local council to charge a $5.50 toll to recuperate costs and speed up the restoration process, a hefty bill for a just-over-200-metre stretch of road.

But Mr Gordon-Smith said the Thames tidal flows would be problematic.

“It goes up and down around three metres every day,” Mr Gordon-Smith said, pointing out the ferry capacity would also never be great enough to move the mass of people needing to cross.

Ms Coulter does not believe it is a solution either. 

“We need a bridge to cross that river,” she said.

“And it has to happen soon.”

#AceNewsDesk report ……….Published: Apr.05: 2021: 

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports by https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all our posts, also links can be found at here for Twitter and Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com