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Australian History

AUSTRALIA HISTORY: Red Dust Revival sparks huge turnout of vintage cars, motorcycles at Lake Perkolilli

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#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Sept, 24, 2022 @acenewsservices

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#AceHistoryDesk – Red Dust Revival: One of Australia’s oldest motor racing tracks has roared back to life, more than a century after it became a playground for pioneers on West Australia’s Goldfields.

a vintage car racing on a dry, red dirt lake bed.
Cars can reach well over 160kph racing on Lake Perkolilli.(ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

About 150 vintage cars and motorcycles from across the country are racing on the hard claypan surface at Lake Perkolilli on the outskirts of the historic gold mining city of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.

The Red Dust Revival event has attracted hundreds of spectators as vintage car lovers re-enact races held there before World War II. 

Russell Platts has spent much of the event waving the chequered flag as one of the race marshals and says he has the best seat in the house.

“We can smell the action here, it’s so close, I love it,” he said.

“We’re right here on the start and finish line, nice and close, it’s the best seat for sure.”

A man in a white coat waves the chequered flag at a vintage race car.
Russell Platts says he has the best view of the action.(ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

Organiser Graeme Cocks said it took an army of volunteers many months of planning to stage the event.

He said the interest from around the country had been overwhelming.

“With the three-year break, we’ve had people building cars all over Australia — from Tasmania to Queensland to Darwin — and we’ve got three times the number of cars here this time,” Mr Cocks said.

“There’s now a big shortage of spare parts because everyone has bought it all up.”Organiser Graeme Cocks says 105 vintage cars and 40 motorcycles registered for the Red Dust Revival.(ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

‘It’s very nostalgic’

Between 1914 and 1939, speed records were set on the lake’s hard, smooth surface at a time before quality roads were built.

But WWII put an end to the legendary races as fuel and men became scarce.Cars line up at the starters’ line on Lake Perkolilli.(ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

Among the most determined to make the trip west for the event was Johnno Everett, who lives on the outskirts of Sydney.

He drove his 1928 Model A Ford nearly 4,000 kilometres across the Nullarbor.

Most towed their vehicles or put them on trucks.A sign at Lake Perkolilli points to other famous race tracks around the world.   (ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

Kevin Boardman attended the last event in 2019 and has made the journey again from Goulburn in New South Wales.

“It’s very nostalgic,” he said, while leaning against the tyre of his 1914 T Model Ford speedster.

“The thing is this race meeting was very unique back in the days when it ran.

“It’s the oldest racecourse in Australia, exactly the same as it was back in 1914.”A race car driver and crowd at Lake Perkolilli claypan racetrack near Kalgoorlie in 1928.(Supplied: WA Museum)none

Family affair rebuilding car

Matt Harrington is a fish out of water in the dust of Lake Perkolilli.

The remote-control submarine pilot from Perth has spent the past year rebuilding a 1930 Model A Ford with his children.

“My 13-year-old twins got interested in it,” he said.

“We thought it would be a good thing as a family together; get them off social media [and] all the online bullying and everything.

“We sat down in the shed, put the radio on and we built a car together.Matt Harrington and his son Tom, 13, with the car they built together.(ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

“We bought it as a rolling chassis and then with the help of Tom and his twin sister Sarah we’ve put the engine together, got parts from all around Australia, and now we’re competing.”

The vintage car hit a top speed of 82kph on one of its early runs around the 3km track. Other drivers were clocked well above 160kph.

“That probably doesn’t sound fast but out there it’s so scary,” Mr Harrington said.John Lakeland behind the wheel of a 1938 Triumph sedan that he has converted into a sports car body.(ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

Car body made from oil drums

While most of the cars at the event have seen better years, they were built to last.

Vintage car collector John Lakeland is effectively running two cars in one.

He purchased a 1938 Triumph dolomite sedan seven years ago and combined it with the body of a pre-war sports car that had been parked in a friend’s shed for decades.

Even among such an impressive field of vintage cars, the rustic body of the Triumph stands out due to the fact it is built from old oil drums.

“We’ve gone to great pains to make it using old worn-out parts from that era. So the car basically looks like it has just come out of a barn,” Mr Lakeland said.John Lakeland, of Melbourne, has been racing a 1938 Triumph at the Red Dust Revival.  (ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

“The car still runs well. It’s done 650,000 miles (1 million kilometres) when I bought it and we’re probably up to 670,000 miles (1.1 millions kilometres) now and still going strong.”

As a member of the UK-based Pre-1940 Triumph Motor Club, Mr Lakeland has owned more than 30 Triumphs in his lifetime.

His present collection stands at six.

“I currently have more pre-war Triumphs than anyone in the world,” he said.

“They are absolutely magnificent cars that are polished to the Nth degree, but this car [the 1938 Triumph] gets more attention than the polished cars do.The hard claypan surface at Lake Perkolilli is one of Australia’s oldest race tracks.  (ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

“If I drive to an event or a service station, people are drooling over it and talking about it.

“Whereas if I drive the shiny one, they like it but they don’t pay as much attention as they do to this one, which looks like it’s been knocked around.”

Embracing the 1920s theme

While most spectators’ eyes are glued to the track, not everyone comes for the racing, but rather to relive the fashion of a bygone era.

One group of four women was spotted walking their dogs in 1920s-themed clothing, as they headed for the trackside tent to sip on champagne.Heather Mettam (from left), Ray Yates, Erna Gazeley and Jenny Fuller embraced the event by dressing in 1920s fashion.(ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)none

“I don’t think we’ve seen a race yet,” Jenny Fuller joked.

“Definitely Great Gatsby — that’s the theme,” Erna Gazeley said of the group’s outfits.

“I think we’ve all watched Downtown Abby a bit too which helped,” Ray Yates said.

It’s proof that the 1920s has indeed been revived on the WA Goldfields.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.24: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Australian History

AUSTRALIA HISTORY: Black & White Mugshots of Criminal Underworld in 1920’s

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#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Sept, 17, 2022 @acehistorynews

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#AceHistoryDesk – Criminal underworld of 1920s New South Wales captured in an exhibition of rare mugshots………” They are unlike any mugshots you see anywhere else in the world – and we have looked.”

Side by side 1929 black and white mug shots of Arthur Caddy. Close up of Arthur's face and Arthur with hat, leaning on chair.
Arthur Caddy suspect photograph from 1929. Crime unknown.(Supplied: NSW Police Forensic Photography Archive, Sydney Living Museums)none

Sydney Living Museums curator Nerida Campbell says mugshots reproduced from glass negatives for the travelling exhibition Underworld: Mugshots from the Roaring Twenties are candid and compelling.

Side by side 1928 black and white mug shots of May Smith. Close up of May's face and May, with hat, leaning on a chair.
“Botany” May Smith, photographed in 1928, was suspected of supplying cocaine.(Supplied: NSW Police Forensic Photography Archive, Sydney Living Museums)none

More than 100 mugshots are included in the exhibition at the Albury Library Museum in regional New South Wales.

Ms Campbell said the photos were taken of suspects by NSW police between 1920 and 1930.

“There are about 130,000 negatives held at the Justice and Police Museum in Sydney and these are images taken by officers in the course of their inquiries,” she said.

“The images were taken so that police could show them to witnesses from a crime without making them aware that this person was in police custody.”

Ms Campbell said the suspects brought their own personality and character to the images.

“Some are staring right down the camera trying to intimidate the police officer taking the photo and some of the women are flirting,” she said.

“People are smoking cigarettes, holding handbags and holding conversations.”A 1930 photo of Guiseppe Mammone, who was suspected of murder and believed to be a Camorra mafia leader in Sydney.(Supplied: NSW Police Forensic Photography Archive, Sydney Living Museums)none

Ms Campbell said the 1920s were a time of great change in the criminal underworld in NSW.

“We begin to see cocaine being sold and bought during that period,” she said.

“Before that there were not as many cars on the roads, but in the 1920s we see the rise of the ‘teenage joy-rider’ — young men who just couldn’t resist the lure of those shiny fast cars.

“They would steal them, but many of them hadn’t driven a car — they hadn’t even seen their parents drive a car.

“You can imagine the kinds of mayhem we were seeing on the streets of towns and in cities in that period.”Gladys Lowe in 1928. Ms Lowe was suspected of opium possession.(Supplied: NSW Police Forensic Photography Archive, Sydney Living Museums)none

Mafia bosses to petty crims all feature in the mugshots.

“In the images you will see everything from those stone-cold gangsters … through to teenagers who made one dumb mistake and ended up in police custody.”Edna May Lindsay in 1929. Ms Lindsay stole a cheque from her employer. She and her boyfriend forged the signature with the aim of cashing it.(Supplied: NSW Police Forensic Photography Archive, Sydney Living Museums)none

Ms Campbell said some stories behind the images were a mystery, but many were known.

“There is one picture that I find compelling — she is a 19-year-old named Edna Lindsay, dressed as a beautiful flapper, and you can see the tears in her eyes.

“She had been led astray by her boyfriend and had stolen a cheque from her employer and got caught.

“When you look at that image you can see the dark circles under her eyes and the tears making her eyes glisten, you just don’t see that in modern mugshots to that degree.”Charles Simmons, alias George Moody, in 1920. He was suspected of a break, enter and steal.(Supplied: NSW Police Forensic Photography Archive, Sydney Living Museums)none

Ms Campbell said a 1920s police photographer would have needed a good relationship with the person being photographed, as they had to maintain a pose for a few seconds for a clear image to be captured.

“He had to be able to get them to go along with what he needed,” she said.

She said the 1920s NSW police officer who took the mugshots had remarkable photographic skills.

“We believe the police photographer was George Howard,” Ms Campbell said.

“He would have to deal with natural light,  glass-plate negatives and processing them.

“It was a very different skill to today.”

Underworld: Mugshots from the Roaring Twenties is on at the Albury Library Museum until October 30.

Thanks to ABC News

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.17: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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KINDNESS WISDOM

It isn’t enough to talk about peace; one must believe in it. And it isn’t enough to believe in it; one must work at it.💥💥💥💥💥💥💥💥💥💥💥💥💥💥

Peace at home is peace in the country. Peace in the country is peace in the world.

A&M
Categories
Australian History

AUSTRALIAN HISTORY: Fa’aleo Tupi, Tongan rugby legend who changed the game has died age 72

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#AceHistoryDesk – Half a century later, people still talk about it — the day the Tongan rugby team made history by beating the Wallabies in Brisbane.

Fa'aleo Tupi in rugby line up
Fa’aleo Tupi stands in the rugby line up, date unknown.(Supplied: Cindi Sarchet)none

It was the second test, played at Ballymore on June 30, 1973. Tonga beat Australia 16 points to 11 — a monumental victory that’s never been repeated.

Fa’aleo Tupi played in that legendary team. He would go on to play a pivotal role in bringing Polynesians to play rugby union in Australia.

In those days, there were no Pacific islanders in the Australian side.

Tupi, 72, was a colossus of a man in his playing days, standing 192 centimetres tall and weighing 120 kilograms.

He died on August 19 after a battle with illness and was laid to rest at the weekend in a traditional ceremony in Woodridge, south of Brisbane, attended by hundreds of people.

Men carry casket into car
The casket of Fa’aleo Tupi is carried at his funeral at St Edwards Church in Daisy Hill.(ABC News: Steve Keen)none

Sinitela Sarchet recalls her father talking about that famous game.

But she said it was a long time before she understood how much it meant to the Tongan people.

“He actually said that he was quite famous in Tonga,” she said.

“It wasn’t until we got into our teens that we understood how important he was and how important that Tongan team at the time was for that whole nation.”Fa’aleo Tupi’s funeral was held at St Edwards Church.(ABC News: Steve Keen)none

‘The whole club changed’

Three years after that match at Ballymore, Tupi moved to Australia on a working visa alongside Fatai Kefu, father of Wallaby veteran Toutai Kefu.

Both players were lured to the Souths Magpies in Brisbane, a team that was struggling at the time.

“At the end of the 1975 season we’d won one game and got mercilessly belted every week,” Souths Magpies Peter “Doubles” Daley remembered.

“Tom Feao, who was a Tongan hooker who played for us, said he could get his mates from Tonga.

“Three of them arrived next year, two of them test players, being Fa’aleo Tupi and Fatai Kefu.

“The morning they arrived, we were playing a trial game against Brothers — and they insisted on playing.Fa’aleo Tupi played a pivotal role in bringing Polynesians to play rugby union in Australia.(Supplied: Cindi Sarchet)none

“They hopped straight off the plane and we beat Brothers 7-4 that afternoon. The whole club changed after that day.”

Bob Hammond, a member of the Souths Magpies committee, played alongside Tupi and Kefu.

“I was a little hooker, so I had the big Tongan boys as my second rowers, so you felt sort of bulletproof against some of the sides out there,” Hammond said.Fa’aleo Tupi was a prominent leader in the Tongan community.(ABC News: Steve Keen)none

“Souths in those days, you’d almost call easy beats.

“They arrived and it almost had an immediate impact. We all of a sudden had this empowerment about us.

“Quickly we started making semi-finals and finals in A-grade.”

For Fa’aleo Tupi and his family, life changed dramatically.

“They didn’t speak any English, so there was a language barrier and I don’t think there was lot of other ethnic groups around that time in the 1970s,” Ms Sarchet said.

“Dad must have gone through a lot of struggles with a change of environment, the language barrier and also starting from nothing and not having anything here.”

Bill Hayden helped with permanent residency

Fa’aleo Tupi and Fatai Kefu were initially only meant to stay in Australia for three years, but Souths Magpies helped them navigate a path to permanent residency.

“The club president at the time Neil Betts — he had played prop for Australia,” Mr Daley said.

“Betsy had some real good contacts — Bill Hayden had played for the club.

“He was able to help Betsy navigate the way through the system.”

The former federal Labor Party leader who later became governor-general was, in those days, playing hooker for Souths Magpies.

Mr Daley said former senator Bert Milliner, whose son played for Souths, also helped in getting the Tongans permanent residency, which “opened the door for a lot of other players to come here and families.”

Fatai Kefu was a member of the 1973 Tonga team.

His son, Toutai Kefu, went on to play 60 Tests for the Wallabies and said his father and Fa’aleo Tupi remained friends throughout their lives.

“They were best mates,” he said.

“You can imagine three Tongan guys, no education, no money, no English and in, I suppose, white Australia back then — playing rugby, which was a predominantly private school sport.

“To do that was quite courageous and brave.

“My initial thoughts of him (Fa’aleo Tupi) is being such a big man back then, I mean he towered over everyone, six foot seven, really athletic, really big man with big hands.

“They all used to live together, just hanging around the house watching them socialise and drink and sing. Happy memories.”

‘They still talk about that team’

Toutai Kefu is now coach of the Tonga rugby union team, known as Ikale Tahi.

“They still talk about that team (1973 Tonga team) in Tonga now,” Toutai Kefu said.Tautai Kefu says it was courageous for his father and Tupi to move to Australia in the 1970s.(ABC News: Michael Rennie)none

“I coach the current Ikale Tahi team and I reference that team all the time about how tough they were back then, how hard they worked, for really nothing.

“They just played for the jersey and for their families. That team that beat the Wallabies were great pioneers and held Tongan rugby up.

“Pasifika players now nearly make up 50 per cent of a lot of the super rugby teams, rugby league teams, we’re even starting to have Tongan players representing England, Wales, all the home unions.

“We’re spreading far and wide.”

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.01:  2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Australian History

AUSTRALIAN HISTORY: #OTD Happy Wattle Day

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#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Sept, 01: 2022 @acenewsservices

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#AceHistoryDesk – On Wattle Day

Wattle Day is a day of celebration in Australia on the first day of September each year, which is the official start of the Australian spring. This is the time when many Acacia species (commonly called wattles in Australia), are in flower. So, people wear a sprig of the flowers and leaves to celebrate the day.

Woman buying wattle for Wattle Day, Sydney, 1935

Although the national floral emblem of Australia is a particular species, named the golden wattle (Acacia pycnantha), any acacia can be worn to celebrate the day.

The day was originally intended to promote patriotism for the new nation of Australia:

“Wattle Days emerged to prominence in Australia in the early years of the federated nation. They took on some of the national and civic responsibilities for children that [the more formal] Australia Day could not.” – Libby Robin[2]

Tasmanian origin, 1838

Black wattle Acacia mearnsii

On 1 December 1838, the first Hobart Town Anniversary Regatta was held in HobartTasmania to celebrate the Anniversary of the 17th-century European discovery of the island by Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who made the first reported European sighting of the island on 24 November 1642.[3] It was estimated between 5000 – 6000 people attended. On 10 August 1853 in Launceston, during ‘Cessation of Transportation Celebrations’ the procession marched under a triumphal arch decorated with wattle blossom.[4]

It was suggested that for future regattas, the event should be celebrated by the wearing of a sprig of silver wattle blossom (Acacia dealbata) tied with British Navy blue ribbon.[5] The proposal attracted some ridicule as the silver wattle blooms in August and September and would be unobtainable in November .[6] As a result, the November-flowering black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) was substituted for the regatta. The custom of wearing a sprig of wattle at the regatta persisted until at least 1883.[7]

The theme of wattle in literature, poetry and song took off from the 1860s to the early 1900s. When Adam Lindsay Gordon died in 1870 he was buried ‘here the wattle blossoms wave’ – a quotation from his poem ‘The sick Stockrider’. There were wattle waltzes and you could drink Foster’s Wattle beer.[4]

A “Wattle Blossom League” was inaugurated by W. J. Sowden and the South Australian chapter of the Australian Natives’ Association in 1890 as a women’s branch of the Association.[8] The aim of the ‘Wattle Blossom League’ was to ‘encourage Australian literature and music’. Members should ‘at all suitable public assemblies wear a spray of wattle blossom either real or artificial, as a distinctive badge’. Another aim of the league was ‘to promote a national patriotic sentiment among the women of Australia’.[4] The last monthly meeting of the Wattle Blossom League was held at Beach’s Rooms on 1 June 1893.[9]

The Wattle Club, 1899

The push for the recognition of the nation-wide use of wattle as a symbol of the first day of spring was given momentum by the formation in 1899 of the “Wattle Club” in Victoria. It was initiated by Archibald James Campbell, a leading ornithologist and field naturalist with a particular passion for Australian wattles, of which there are more than 1,000 species.[10] For several years the club organised bush outings on the first day in September specifically for the appreciation of wattles in their natural setting. Campbell was an active member of the Field Naturalists Club of Victoria. Their 1904 outing went to the You Yangs and in 1906 they went to the Werribee Gorge.[4]

Wattle Day League, 1909

Golden wattle Acacia pycnantha

The first suggestion of a dedicated Wattle Day was made by Campbell during a speech in September 1908.

The Wattle Day League was formed on 13 September 1909 at the Elizabeth Street, Sydney headquarters of the Royal Society, with J. H. Maiden, director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens as president. Its purpose was to present to the various State governments a unified proposal for a national day on which to celebrate the wattle blossom.

In 1910 the League settled on “Wattle Day” as 1 September, and approached Sowden to form a branch of the League in South Australia.[11]Campbell and A. K. Warner founded a branch in Melbourne.[12]

It was taken up, and there were celebrations in 1910 in three state capital cities: Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide,[13] although the Melbourne event was a muted affair due to heavy rain. The day was significant in being the first organised demonstration on a definite day across a number of States ever witnessed in Australia. On 1 September 1911 Adelaide was described as a city ‘decked with gold’.[4] In 1913, the national Wattle Day League (or Federation) was established to formalise the organisation of events for the celebration of Wattle Day[14]

Queensland followed in 1913. Sydney celebrated that year by planting 200 wattle trees in centennial Park.

Australian Coat of Arms with the Golden Wattle design, 1921

The Golden Wattle was incorporated as an accessory in the design of the Coat of Arms of Australia in 1912.[16]

Following the outbreak of World War 1 all attempts to gazette the emblem or Wattle Day were put aside.

There was some confusion in NSW over the date. In 1916, New South Wales changed its date for Wattle Day to 1 August, so that the indigenous, early-flowering Cootamundra wattle (Acacia baileyana) could be used.[1]The Cootamundra Wattle was planted all over Sydney and when the Red Cross called for sprigs of wattle to sell in Martin Place for the war effort, this species had mostly finished flowering. The League was granted a temporary change. Schools in NSW continued to use 1 August as the date for Wattle Day and there was some resistance to 1 September despite the association with Spring. That resistance now appears to have almost disappeared.[17]

Among other poetry, Scottish-Australian poet and bush balladeer Will H. Ogilvie (1869–1963) wrote ‘Sunny country’ which was often recited on past Wattle Days:[18][19]I dreamed of a sunny country last night, a golden dreamOf wattles down, the gully, and of gum, trees by the stream;Of dancing haze and sides of blue, no other land can showSave this, our sunny country, where the golden wattles grow.

Australian Bicentennial Celebration, 1988

On 19 August 1988, as part of events to mark the 200th anniversary of the arrival of First Fleet in Sydney in 1788, the golden wattle (Acacia pycnantha) was officially proclaimed as Australia’s national floral emblem by the Governor-General of Australia, the Rt Hon. Sir Ninian Stephen AK GCMG GCVO KBE. A formal ceremony was held in the National Botanic Gardens on 1 September, at which Ms Hitchcock was a guest of the government. Specimens of Acacia pycnantha were planted near the entry.[17]

National Wattle Day, 1992

In 1986 Maria Hitchcock of Armidale NSW began a campaign to have both gazetted. With the aid of ABC’s Ian McNamara (“Macca”), whose Sunday morning national program Australia All Over focuses on all things Australian, the message went out resulting in hundreds of letters of support being sent to the Prime Minister. The campaign was not progressing until Maria Hitchcock met with Senator Graham Richardson at a Labor Party event in Armidale. Soon after the decision was made to gazette the Emblem at a special ceremony in Canberra at the ANBG on 1 September. At that ceremony Ms Hitchcock was told by Senator Ray that she would have to personally gain letters of approval for the gazettal of National Wattle Day from each Premier and Chief Minister. Once again enlisting the aid of Ian McNamara and his loyal listeners, a new campaign of letter writing began. It took three years but the goal was finally achieved. Ms Hitchcock bundled all the letters together and sent them to Canberra requesting gazettal of National Wattle Day for 1 September each year.[17]

On 23 June 1992, Bill Hayden, the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia, declared that “1 September in each year shall be observed as ‘National Wattle Day’ throughout Australia and in the external Territories of Australia”.[20]

2010 marked the centenary of the celebration of Wattle Day on 1 September 1910 in NSW, Victoria and South Australia, and Australian Geographic magazine was amongst those who urged the public not to miss the chance to celebrate it again.[21]

Recent Developments

With the controversy over 26 January as Australia Day, in light of the historic treatment of Indigenous people, some Australians have been proposing Wattle Day as an alternative for national celebrations.[22]

Some popular wattles

Australian state floral emblems

The Golden Wattle is Australia’s national floral emblem; but in addition each Australian state has its own floral emblem.

References

  1. a b Panter, R. (1995). “Australia’s Wattle Day”Parliament of Australia, Canberra, ACT. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.none
  2.  Robin, L 2002, ‘Nationalising nature: wattle days in Australia’, Journal of Australian Studies, 26, 73, pp. 13-26.
  3.  “About Wattle Day”. Wattle Day Association, Canberra, ACT. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.none
  4. a b c d e Hitchcock, Maria (1991). Wattle. Australian Govt. Pub. Service. ISBN 978-0-644-12678-6.none
  5.  “Classified Advertising”The Hobart Town Courier. Vol. XI, no. 640. Tasmania, Australia. 23 November 1838. p. 4. Retrieved 14 August2018 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  6.  “Domestic Intelligence”Colonial Times. Vol. 24, no. 1174. Tasmania, Australia. 27 November 1838. p. 7. Retrieved 14 August 2018 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  7.  “National Emblem”The Mercury. Vol. CXLIII, no. 20, 225. Tasmania, Australia. 21 August 1935. p. 3. Retrieved 14 August 2018 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  8.  “History of the Wattle Day Movement”The Journal (Adelaide). Vol. XLVIII, no. 13199. South Australia. 30 August 1913. p. 12. Retrieved 10 June 2018 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  9.  “Wattle Blossom League”South Australian Register. Vol. LVIII, no. 14, 527. South Australia. 5 June 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 27 April2019 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  10.  Walsh, N. (2015). “Acacia”VicFlora: Flora of Victoria. Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria: Foundation Victoria, Melbourne. Archived from the original on 14 August 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2017.none
  11.  “Wattle Day League”The Advertiser (Adelaide). Vol. LIII, no. 16, 174. South Australia. 18 August 1910. p. 5. Retrieved 10 June 2018 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  12.  “The Wattle Sentiment”The Argus (Melbourne). No. 20, 010. Victoria, Australia. 8 September 1910. p. 6. Retrieved 10 June 2018 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  13.  “Wattle Day history”. Wattle Day Association, Canberra, ACT. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 29 November 2017.none
  14.  “The Wattle Federation”The Examiner (Tasmania). Vol. LXXII, no. 15. Tasmania, Australia. 17 January 1913. p. 7. Retrieved 14 August 2018 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  15.  “Wattle Day League”The Brisbane Courier. No. 17, 246. Queensland, Australia. 23 April 1913. p. 4. Retrieved 10 June 2018 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  16.  “Australian coat of arms”WorldWideWattle. Western Australian Herbarium and Department of Parks and Wildlife, Dalwallinu, Western Australia, Australia. 2016. Archived from the original on 21 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.none
  17. a b c Hitchcock, Maria (2012). A celebration of wattle : Australia’s national floral emblem (2nd ed.). Rosenberg Publishing. ISBN 978-1-921719-56-1.none
  18.  “The Golden Wattle: Australia’s National Flower”Robertson Mail. Vol. 38, no. 56. New South Wales, Australia. 31 July 1925. p. 3. Retrieved 27 September 2020 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  19.  “Wattle magic everywhere”The Register News-pictorial. Vol. XCIV, no. 27, 476. South Australia. 6 September 1929. p. 5. Retrieved 27 September 2020 â€“ via National Library of Australia.none
  20.  “Floral emblems of Australia”. Australian National Herbarium, Canberra. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2017.none
  21.  Rule, C. (2010). “On this day: Wattle Day”Australian Geographic, Sydney, NSW. Archived from the original on 8 January 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2017.none
  22.  Wright, Tony (31 August 2017). “Wattle Day: Could a new, golden Australia Day bloom in the springtime?”Sydney Morning HeraldArchived from the original on 14 August 2018. Retrieved 14 August2018.none
#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Sept.01:  2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Australian History

AUSTRALIAN HISTORY: 99yrs Today Meet Koolbiri or Outback mailman Jimmy who delivered post by walking 700km through the Nullarbor

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#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Aug.25, 2022 @acehistorynews

Ace News Room Cutting Floor 25/08/2022

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#AceHistoryDesk – Ninety-nine years ago today, a small snippet of an extraordinary life was noted in an Adelaide newspaper: On page 17 of the Saturday Journal, readers were introduced to Koolbiri, also known as Mailman Jimmy.

He wears worn clothes, a cap on his head, bare feet and holds a mug. The photo is old and black and white
In his younger years, Koolbiri delivered mail between Fowlers Bay and Eucla.(Supplied)none

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander readers are advised this story contains the name and image of a person who has died.

In the 1870s he delivered the post between Eucla in Western Australia and Fowlers Bay in South Australia.

The two Nullarbor communities are now linked by a 371-kilometre stretch of Eyre Highway, but that did not exist back then.

Every month, Koolbiri set out on the 700km-plus round trip on foot.

“He ran with the mail bags every fortnight from the Bay to Eucla, a distance of 280 miles, and returned during the following fortnight,” the paper stated.

“He could do the journey in faster time than a man on horseback.”

The newspaper report also said Koolbiri had recently died. 

An article published in another Adelaide newspaper in 1928 said he was a “remarkable character, well known on the west coast”.

“He had astounding endurance,” it said.

“And [he] was recognised as The Royal Mail between Fowlers Bay and Eucla for a long period.”

Straight road with road sign and no trees
Fowlers Bay and Eucla are now linked by the Eyre Highway.(ABC Goldfields-Esperance: Sam Tomlin)none

Almost a century later, Mirning elder Uncle Bunna Lawrie said Koolbiri’s story was a source of pride.

“The only man who could walk as fast as a horse,” he said.

“Some people really didn’t believe it – they thought, ‘This man must be a magic man.'”

A wooden sign shows the distances to a range of different towns
These days, a sign at Eucla tells travellers exactly how far away from home they are. (ABC News: Emily Smith)none

Tom Gara, a historian who has worked with Aboriginal people on the Nullarbor since the 1980s, said Koolbiri’s incredible feats were still remembered, both in records and in oral histories.

“He’s quite well known in the early historical sources relating to the Nullarbor Plain,” Mr Gara said.

An aerial shot of cliffs next to the ocean.
Fowlers Bay and Eucla are remote communities along the Great Australian Bight.(Supplied: WA Museum/Andrew Halsall)none

Meagre payment for amazing feat

Without Koolbiri’s efforts, Mr Gara believes the new Eucla settlement would have had no means to communicate at all. 

Mr Gara guessed Koolbiri probably did the mail run from about 1871-72 until 1875-76, before the telegraph station was built in 1877.

Ruins of the telegraph station
Koolbiri did the mail run in the 1870s, it’s thought before Eucla’s telegraph station was built in 1877.(ABC Esperance: Emily Smith)none

“I imagine once they started to build the telegraph line, they would have had an established track going from Fowlers Bay to Eucla,” Mr Gara said.

“They would have got the local telegraph inspector to carry the mail or something like that.”

While Mr Gara said mail was delivered on foot by other postmen, he had never heard of any travelling nearly as far as Koolbiri.

“He was supposedly rewarded with tobacco, which sounds like a pretty meagre payment for what he was doing,” Mr Gara said.

Nullarbor Plain: low scrub and desert.
Koolbiri’s feats are remembered in records and oral histories about the Nullarbor Plain.(ABC News)none

The author of Koolbiri’s obituary also noted he took almost nothing with him, aside from the mailbags.

“The most amazing thing to me was that he found sufficient food and water to carry him through the journey,” it said.

But Mr Gara said that made sense.

“He survived by hunting along the way, and getting his water from the rock holes and things that he knew about,” Mr Gara said.

“So he was surviving traditionally out there, which is not surprising.”

Uncle Bunna hoped other people would learn about, and draw inspiration from, the mailman’s story in the future. 

A beach with a high escarpment above
The beach near Eucla, where Koolbiri once delivered mail.(ABC Esperance: Emily Smith)none
#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Aug.25: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Australian History

AUSTRALIAN HISTORY: Chinese Immigrants Who Came During Gold Rush of 1860

This is our daily post that is shared across Twitter & Telegram and published first on here with Kindness & Love XX on peace-truth.com/

#AceNewsRoom With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Aug.22, 2022 @acehistorynews

Ace News Room Cutting Floor 22/08/2022

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#AceHistoryDesk – Louey and Kate O’Hoy were part of the early Chinese immigrants who came to Australia during the gold rushes………………The O’Hoys — their name was Anglicised on arrival — came to Bendigo from Canton, China, in 1860.….Watch this story on ABC TV’s Landline at 12:30pm on Sunday, or on ABC iview.

A Chinese man and woman wearing traditional robes in the 1800s in portraits side-by-side
The entrepreneurial Louey O’Hoy and his wife, Kate O’Hoy, in 1889. (Supplied: Dennis O’Hoy )none

By then, Victoria’s population had swollen to one million, a tenfold increase since the discovery of gold at Bendigo, Ballarat and elsewhere in 1851.

It utterly transformed the growing colony.

“Bendigo became one of the richest goldfields in the world,” said Dennis O’Hoy, Louey and Kate’s grandson.

A black and white family portrait of the O'Hoy family comprising two young girls and three boys with their parents
A young Dennis O’Hoy (front, centre) with his family. (Supplied: Dennis O’Hoy)none

Canton to Australia’s Big Gold Mountain 

Dennis, 84, is a retired university art teacher, cultural custodian of the goldfields’ Chinese and an authority on the lives they led.

“They had their own name for Bendigo — ‘Dai Gum San’, translated it means Big Gold Mountain,” he said.

Australia — to the Chinese — was called “Sun Gim San”, “New Gold Mountain”, Mr O’Hoy said.

The Chinese name for “Old Gold Mountain” was applied to the Californian gold rush of 1849.

However, the Chinese presence, and their influence, on Australian goldfields is often forgotten or overlooked.

“A quarter of the population in Bendigo was Chinese-born during that gold rush period,” Bendigo’s Golden Dragon Museum’s Leigh McKinnon said.

“And, in a lot of goldfields, sometimes that proportion was much higher.”

Play Video. Duration: 2 minutes 15 seconds
This Day Tonight: Meet Loong, Bendigo’s Chinese dragon (1970).

Chinese entrepreneurship 

The museum showcases relics of world significance and stories of the Chinese on the goldfields and in the decades that followed.

Today, the most impressive exhibit is Loong, thought to be the oldest, five-clawed imperial dragon in the world.

It dates from the 1890s and, for many years, was the centrepiece of Bendigo’s Easter procession.

The annual Easter Fair began in 1871, to raise money for charities, including two hospitals and an aged persons’ home. It is still a major tourist attraction today.

“My grandfather, Louey O’Hoy, was one of the originators of the Chinese Association and Chinese procession,” Mr O’Hoy said.

The entrepreneurial Louey O’Hoy prospered in Bendigo.

“Grandfather became quite successful, he started many, many shops in Sandhurst, as Bendigo was then known,” he added.

“Gradually, he had butchers’ shops, grocers’ shops, pig farms and market gardens.”

A man with short grey hair sits in a warm lit room during an interview
Louey and Kate O’Hoy’s grandson, Dennis, is a cultural custodian of the goldfields’ Chinese. ( ABC News: Tim Lee)none

After the gold rush ended, the Chinese took on important roles in all walks of life: everything from merchants, rural labourers and traditional Chinese herbalists.

“Many of them were from farming backgrounds and they transferred those skills and adapted them to the local environment and were often very skilled producers of fresh fruit and vegetables, often in very trying conditions,” Mr McKinnon said.

Louey O’Hoy’s enormous civic contribution was recognised by the imperial government in China.

In 1889, he was conferred with the rank of a mandarin, roughly equivalent to a knighthood.

Racism and injustice 

By then, Australian society was changing. The aftermath of the 1854 Eureka Rebellion at Ballarat — where disgruntled miners fought government troops — had won the diggers reforms such as the right to vote.

However, by the 1890s, the push to Federation and Australian nationhood saw those egalitarian and democratic ideals fade.

Ultimately, it led to the White Australia policy that discriminated against anyone not deemed a “British-born citizen”.

The O’Hoy family felt its injustice.

An older man with walking stick walks down a dusty path in a cemetery on a bright winter's day
Dennis O’Hoy visits the White Hills Cemetery daily and three times a year lays food and drinks there as gifts to his ancestors. (ABC News: Tim Lee)none

Dennis O’Hoy’s father, Que Lan O’Hoy, came to Bendigo in 1894, aged 19, to carry on the family’s work.

He married in China in 1910, but Australia’s stringent immigration laws prohibited his wife from joining him in Australia.

“In 1901, with the Federation of Australia, the Immigration Restriction Act was brought in,” Dennis O’Hoy said.

“My mother, Que Lan’s wife, was only allowed to stay in Australia for two years, so living in Bendigo and every couple of years she’d have to go back to China.”

The Immigration Restriction Act was finally abolished in 1958. By then, the number of Chinese in Bendigo and elsewhere in Australia had dwindled.

Preserving the rich history of the Chinese in Bendigo fell to a few families, descendants of the gold rush days.

A grey tombstone with chinese inscription.
Stone tablets mark 950 Chinese graves at Bendigo’s White Hills Cemetery. (ABC News: Tim Lee)none

In the early 1960s, Que Lan O’Hoy’s family donated the land — a large city block — on which the Golden Dragon Museum stands.

In 2016, Dennis O’Hoy was awarded the Order of Australia for his contribution to preserving heritage and civic service.

He’s an almost daily visitor to Bendigo’s White Hills Cemetery, the city’s largest.

At the entrance, he pays homage to his ancestors by burning joss sticks and candles in a brick burning tower.

In the cemetery grounds, distinctive stone tablets mark 950 Chinese graves.

Three times a year, Mr O’Hoy continues the family tradition of observing important religious rituals.

He brings wine, chicken, pork, drinks and biscuits to the cemetery and lays them there as gifts.

Australia has been good to him and his family, he muses.

Even if, they and other Chinese were not always treated equally.

“It’s my way, of Chinese people, to venerate their ancestors.”

Watch this story on ABC TV’s Landline at 12:30pm on Sunday, or on ABC iview.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Aug.22: 2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

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Australian History

FEATURED AUSTRALIA: The history of drinking culture from rum as a currency to non-alcoholic wine

This is our daily post that is shared across Twitter & Telegram and published first on here with Kindness & Love XX on peace-truth.com/

#Ace Rooms With ‘Kindness & Wisdom’ Aug.15, 2022 @acehistorynews

🤣😂🤣😁🤣😁😁 only in Australia 🌏🦘
Ace News Room Cutting Floor 15/08/2022

Follow Our Breaking & Daily News Here As It Happens:

#AceHistoryDesk – Australia’s first prime minister, Edmund ‘Toby’ Barton, was many things: A leader, a visionary and as one of his obituaries summed up, “a great Australian”

A man's hand holds a beer in a bar.
Australia has a long and messy relationship with alcohol.(ABC News: Dane Meale)none

And, according to author Matt Murphy, he was also “an outright drunk”.

“If you look at our early parliaments — drunkenness was just accepted.”

And Barton is far from an exception. Since colonial times, Australia has been a country soaked in booze, as drinking has been both a national pastime and a source of untold harm and tragedy.

But is it finally starting to change?

Colonial roots

When the First Fleet set off from England 235 years ago, its cargo was indicative of the kind of country Australia would become.

The first governor of the NSW colony, Arthur Phillip, insisted on bringing two years’ worth of carefully rationed food for the new settlement, in case conditions were inhospitable for agriculture.

He also took along four years’ worth of rum.

“The marines, who came to escort the First Fleet, insisted and insisted and finally got their way — to have four years’ worth of rum on board … [But] it didn’t last close to four years,” says Mr Murphy, who wrote the book ‘Rum: A Distilled History of Colonial Australia’.

It’s hard to overstate how important booze was in the first few decades of the colony.

“Alcohol was a currency. If you wanted something done, you had to pay for it. How were they paying for it? With booze,” Mr Murphy says.

“There’s lots of records of people buying and selling things for rum. For example, buying land in [the Sydney suburb of] Pyrmont for rum or selling your wife for rum.”

The NSW Corps, or the permanent regiment of the British Army, became known as the Rum Corps because they controlled the access to alcohol.

As the colony grew, rum was made locally and imported. But this wasn’t the kind of rum we know today.

“Rum [became] a generic term … People were making ‘rum’ from potatoes and making ‘rum’ out of peaches. There was hooch, backyard rubbish. People died on the spot drinking some of this, they went blind. It was pretty nasty stuff,” Mr Murphy says.

“[But] people would need rum to start their day, like people need their coffee today.” 

An 1800s sepia-coloured photo of a drunken man in a wheelbarrow
Alcohol and drunkenness became firmly entrenched in the lives of colonial Australians, which has had an impact to this day.(Supplied: The State Library of NSW)none

During these early years of the colony, grog was also introduced to First Nations people, which had incredibly destructive effects.

As the 19th century progressed, demand for rum dropped, but people kept turning to other varieties of alcohol.

The social, economic and health tolls of this much alcohol across Australian society prompted various governments to try and curb drinking habits.

But this came with mixed results.

The six o’clock swill

Starting in 1916, states adopted rules where bars had to close at 6pm.

“It partly came about because of the temperance movement, because they were wanting to cut down on alcohol consumption,” says Richard Midford, an adjunct professor at Curtin University’s National Drug Research Institute and a clinical psychologist.

“But it came into place during the First World War, in a major part, because people felt that the homefront shouldn’t be having a good time while the boys were away fighting in France.”

A 1940s black-and-white photo of many men cramming at a bar as one woman serves them beers
Photographer Max Dupain captured the ‘six o’clock swill’ in 1940s Australia.(Supplied: The State Library of NSW)none

But the ‘six o’clock swill’, as it became known, had an unintended consequence — a culture of extremely heavy drinking developed, where workers would drink as much as they could between clocking off at 5pm and the 6pm bar closures.

It was not pretty. Bars would lay sawdust on the floor to soak up patrons’ urine and vomit, while many were refitted with tiled walls and floors (a feature which remains today) to make cleaning easier.

“It lasted from the time of the First World War right through, in some states, to the 1960s,” Professor Midford says.

A 1950s black-and-white photo of excited pub patrons raising their glasses as a clock nears 10pm
Patrons at the Northern Club Hotel in Sydney toast the introduction of 10pm closing in 1955.(Supplied: The State Library of NSW)none

In 1965, an unlikely invention was introduced to try to reduce drinking — the wine cask.

“The wine cask was invented to preserve wine, not to drink it more quickly,” Mr Murphy says.

“When you take the cork out of wine, it immediately starts to oxidise, it immediately starts to go off. And so the average person would rather drink it than tipping it down the sink tomorrow.

“[Cask wine] doesn’t oxidise.”

But, he says, “it quickly became just a convenient thing to stick under your arm and take to a party”.

Booze and politics

Alcohol and politics has long been a noxious mix in this country.

An early 1900s black-and-white photo of a hotel with a beer advertisement
Alcohol really doesn’t provide ‘good health’.(Supplied: The State Library of NSW)none

According to Mr Murphy, the fact that Australia’s first prime minister was “an outright drunk” isn’t even the most outrageous example. Not even close.

“John Norton was elected in a [NSW] by-election in 1898. When he entered parliament, he was drunk every day,” Mr Murphy says.

“Really, I mean disgustingly drunk, apparently. To such a point that about two months later, he downed his dacks and pissed on the parliamentary carpet.”

Mr Murphy also points to then-governor general John Kerr’s drunken speech at the 1977 Melbourne Cup, which he calls “disgusting”.

An inebriated Kerr rambled on in front of the racetrack audience, noting “life is wonderful for all of us”, before presenting the cup.

“[Bob Hawke] said himself that his most endearing attribute to all Australians was his world record for drinking a yard glass,” Mr Murphy adds.

Bob Hawke 🤣😂😂🤣😂😂😂🤣😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂

Hawke entered the Guinness Book for World Records in 1954 for finishing a yard of ale in 11 seconds while he was studying at University College, Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar. But he gave up drinking when he went into parliament and stayed off the grog when he was prime minister.

What a great man 🤣😂🤣😂🤣😂🤣😂🔥😂😂😂

Mr Murphy says the attitudes of politicians have had a major influence on our drinking culture over the generations.

But recently, there’s been much discussion about how this is actually playing out in Canberra.

The stuff that’s come out of parliament â€¦ is another example of a boozy workplace culture [without] restrictions put in place,” says Nicole Lee, an adjunct professor at Curtin University’s National Drug Research Institute and CEO of drug and alcohol consultancy 360 Edge.

She says parliament and other workplaces need to become spaces where “we do think about women; and people from culturally diverse backgrounds; and people who don’t want to drink; and people who don’t want to be around people who are drunk at work”.

Part of the culture

Experts say the centuries of heavy drinking have meant booze is now closely interwoven with Australian culture.

“We’ve got that sense that if you go anywhere in Australia, socially, that there’ll be alcohol there and you’re expected to drink it,” Professor Lee says.

Professor Midford adds: “There’s a very strong culture of going out and deliberately getting drunk. If you have that sort of culture, the sorts of harms that are going to occur, in terms of violence and sexual predation, are going to be much higher”.

Today, there’s a patchwork of drinking habits across demographics.

“There is some indication that people in middle age are actually drinking more — and a lot of that is driven by women drinking more,” Professor Lee says.

A man downs two cans of alcoholic drinks at once.
Binge drinking continues to be a problem in Australia.(Getty Images: Brook Mitchell)none

People in the country drink more than people in urban areas.

“The further you go away from a major city, the higher the drinking levels and the higher the risky drinking,” Professor Lee says.

And there are different drinking habits among Indigenous Australians, who often get lumped into one group.

“Fewer First Nations people drink, compared to the general community, but those that do drink tend to drink at higher levels,” Professor Lee says.

“Factors of colonisation, of the stolen generations, of trauma — all of those things are linked to higher alcohol consumption.”

On the decline

Yet there are cracks appearing in our close relationship with booze.

We’ve recently seen the rise of the ‘sober curious’, as Dry July has become increasingly popular, along with zero and low-strength alcohol products.

A line of bottles of non-alcoholic wines.
Non-alcoholic wines can now be found in supermarkets around Australia.(ABC RN: Nick Baker)none

As perceptions around alcohol are slowly starting to shift, overall drinking rates are starting to go down in Australia — thanks to one particular demographic.

“[The fact that] drinking rates are going down is nearly entirely driven by young people,” Professor Lee says.

“People in their 20s are still the heaviest drinking group, but fewer of them are drinking. Those that do drink are drinking less [than previous generations] and they’re starting later … It is a really big shift.”

So what’s behind this shift among young people? Experts say it’s thanks to a mix of education, awareness and different priorities.

“There’s a lot more talking about [alcohol consumption]. It’s a lot more visible when there’s problems — those problems are more often reported on,” Professor Lee says.

“[Young people] are being healthier, they’re probably more conscious of their appearance — alcohol is really the only drug that makes you fat by just taking it … Also I feel like young people are much more ambitious than my generation.”

Or, as Professor Midford puts it: “Young people are much more savvy, I think, about the effects of alcohol than those 20 or 30 years ago”.

#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Aug.15:  2022:

Editor says …Sterling Publishing & Media Service Agency is not responsible for the content of external site or from any reports, posts or links, and can also be found here on Telegram: https://t.me/acenewsdaily and all wordpress and live posts and links here: https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com

Aussies 😂🤣😂🤣😂
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KINDNESS WISDOM

Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without. Shalom 😔

Categories
KINDNESS WISDOM

Memories are only lost chapters ~

@peacewriter51

🕊️ Not simply from the people who have hurt you, but from painful memories and anything that brings you down or makes you lose self-confidence.

🕊️ Choose to move on for the sake of your wellbeing and future happiness.

🕊️ To let go of the things that have been holding you back and preventing you from moving forward.

🕊️ Choose to move on so you can make space your heart for new incredible people and in experiences.

🕊️ Choose to move on when you feel.

🕊️ You no longer belong in the previous spaces you inhabited, as there is so much that lies ahead and so much to look forward to once you find the courage to let go.

https://youtu.be/MWoQW-b6Ph8

I hope that real love and truth are stronger in the end than any evil or misfortune in the world.

Wisdom

@peacewriter51