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Elon Musk discovers Ukrainian ‘kill list’

Samizdat | October 16, 2022 Elon Musk has expressed concerns over a controversial website that lists supposed enemies of Kiev, amid claims that his own name briefly appeared on Mirotvorets following his threats to cut funding for Starlink satellite internet services actively used by the Ukrainian troops. “Is this list real? What’s the URL?” the SpaceX CEO tweeted in […]

Elon Musk discovers Ukrainian ‘kill list’
Australian News

AUSTRALIAN HISTORY: After 90 years, the Darlington sisters return to Cooper Creek and retrace their mother’s journey

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#AceHistoryDesk – The Cooper Creek in South Australia’s far north-east is in full flow toward Lake Eyre as four sisters meet on its banks where the youngest was born nearly 90 years ago, during the Great Depression.

The Darlington sisters
After nearly 90 years, these sisters are together again at Cooper Creek.(Supplied: Patsy Brown)none

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander readers are advised that this article contains images and names of people who have died.

Olive, Nora, Ethel and Isabella have come to reflect on the life and legacy of their mother, Ettie Darlington. Against the odds, she raised her six children alone after losing her partner in the outback.

“The creek was racing down there,” Ethel said.

“That’s where we were camped for 15 months — under a tarpaulin.”

At the age of 19, Ettie left her family home in Wowan near Rockhampton, after meeting a drover named John Hill.

For the next 15 years, the two ventured on foot across central and western Queensland for work as their family grew.

The four surviving children have now set out to retrace their family journey.

“We wanted to see where mum walked to,” Olive said.

“She walked from Bundaberg all the way out here to Innamincka … and had all of us along the way.”

The siblings were each born in different places, including Charleville, Blackall, Mackay, Ilfracombe, Boulia and Cooper Creek.

“It was an adventure and all of us can remember different things about all these different places,” Olive said.Olive, the eldest sister, remembers much of the family’s 15 months at Cooper Creek.(Supplied: Patsy Brown)none

Saved by Indigenous generosity

The family trek ended roughly 24 kilometres west of Innamincka by the Cooper Creek.

Eventually, John left the family to seek assistance, ultimately vanishing into the endless expanse of Australia’s interior, never to be seen again.

Ettie, pregnant with her sixth child, was left to care for her children alone in the outback.

“Mum had Aboriginal friends that helped with food and milk and that is exactly how we survived,” Ethel said.

“They showed great generosity and were so helpful to us.”Ethel, Isabella, Ettie’s niece Yvonne, Olive and Nora.(Supplied: Patsy Brown)none

Yvonne Darlington is Ettie’s niece and has researched the family’s history for a book.

She explained how a young Yandruwandha woman named Molly, aged about 20, supported Ettie and her children.

“They had help from the white community later but … if it wasn’t for Molly and her friends, they would have died,” Yvonne said.

“They brought them fish and food and basically kept them alive.”

The police distributed some government rations to the family.

“What they were getting from the local copper was flour, tea and sugar,” Yvonne said.

“He put them on the same rations they used to give the old and infirm Aboriginal people, and he put Ettie on that list.

“But in terms of actual food and protein, that was all coming from the Aboriginal community.”

Born by the bank

The four sisters believe Molly helped their mother give birth to Isabella by the Cooper Creek while the eldest son Norman ran to Innamincka for help.

“Molly was the one who was core to Ettie’s experience out there, which is why I put in the effort to find out more about her,” Yvonne said.

“It was very important to the family.” Innamincka School, 1940, with Molly on the left holding her son Bert.(Supplied)none

In her research, Yvonne discovered that Molly’s own family’s story didn’t end well.

“Sadly she died at the age of 36 in childbirth on a station in south-west Queensland,” Yvonne said.

“Her children were all taken to Woorabinda Aboriginal Mission.”

Yvonne’s research has put Ettie’s surviving children in touch with Molly’s community.

“We’ve been in contact with them since we’ve come out here, the descendants of Molly who helped Mum,” Isabella said.

“The links have lasted all this time.”

‘They tried to separate us’

Olive recalled that events moved quickly for the family after Isabella was born.The Innamincka nursing home where Ettie was taken after Isabella was born still stands.(Supplied: Australian Inland Mission Collection)none

“Our brother ran up to the hospital to get the doctor to come down and bring Mum up there,” she said.

“When Mum had Isabella, she had malnutrition and had to be flown to Brisbane.

“I saw the aeroplane that took Isabella away because it was too far to drive the baby there.”

A Boulia-based clergyman of the Australian Inland Mission named Cliff Lanham lobbied the Queensland government to have Ettie and her children relocated to an urban environment.

He drove the children to Brisbane where they fought to remain as a family unit.A 1937 newspaper clipping after the children and Ettie reunited with her mother Catharina.(Supplied: The Brisbane Truth)none

“They tried to separate us,” Olive said.

“They wanted to put us in different homes and Mum wouldn’t allow it.

“We all wanted to stay together and she kept us all together.

“She got a little bit of help from the government but she kept us all together on her own.”

A tight-knit family

Isabella said it was a special experience to follow her mother’s trail with her sisters to the place where she was born.

“The memories of what her life would have been like … she was a very brave person,” Isabella said.The family at their home in Manly, a long way from the banks of Cooper Creek.(Supplied)none

Ettie lived in the coastal Brisbane suburb of Wynnum until she passed away in 1998.

The sisters said that caring for others was a lesson from their mother that they continued to live by.

“There was a lady who had trouble and Mum took her in and had her six kids living in her house along with all of us,” Isabella said.

“That’d be a dozen different kids, all together.

“That’s how Mum was. She’d take anybody in.”Ettie, pictured with Isabella in the mid-1980s, lived a full life and died in 1998.(Supplied)none

After nearly nine decades since they were first taken from the banks of Cooper’s Creek, Ettie’s remaining four children show no sign of growing apart.

“We’ve lost a sister and a brother but we all stayed together,” Olive said.

“We argue a lot but we all have fun together, we have a great time.”

On returning to Innamincka during a wet season, the sisters were in agreement: “As a holiday, it’s been wonderful, except for the bloody flies”.


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Australian News

FEATURED: ‘Extinct’ wood-feeding cockroach rediscovered on Lord Howe Island last seen 80yrs ago

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#AceNewsDesk – When a University of Sydney biology student lifted a rock under a huge banyan fig tree on Lord Howe Island, he could hardly believe what he saw.

Play Video. Duration: 1 minute 45 seconds
“Extinct” wood-eating cockroach rediscovered on Lord Howe Island.(Supplied: NSW Department of Planning and Environment)none

It was a wingless wood-eating cockroach, unique to the World Heritage-listed island, and believed to be extinct. It was last seen more than 80 years ago.

“For the first 10 seconds or so, I thought, ‘No, it can’t be,'” honours student Maxim Adams said.

“We were doing a brief survey of Lord Howe basically to confirm its extinction there … and lo and behold the first rock we looked under there it was. It was really unbelievable.”

A young man crouches underneath a large fig tree in a forest area.
Maxim Adams under the banyan tree where the large cockroach was discovered.(Supplied: Nicholas Carlile DPE)none

Research takes an unexpected turn

Mr Adams is a student under evolutionary biologist at the University of Sydney, Nathan Lo.

Professor Lo has been leading a research team examining the population distribution of the unique Lord Howe Island cockroach, Panesthia lata, across the Lord Howe Island archipelago, which lies off the mid-north coast of New South Wales.

The native cockroach was once widespread across the Lord Howe islands, but was thought to have become extinct on the main island after the arrival of rats in 1918.Nicholas Carlile was one of those who made the discovery.(Supplied: Justin Gilligan DPE)none

Professor Lo said following the major and successful rodent eradication program on Lord Howe Island in 2019, they were examining the possibility of reintroducing the wood-feeding cockroach from the outer islands back to the main island.

Mr Adams and Department of Planning and Environment scientist Nicholas Carlile had gone to Lord Howe Island ahead of Professor Lo to make a start, when their research took a very unexpected turn.

“They were due to go out to Blackburn Island to start studying the cockroaches there, the weather was really bad, so they were forced to stay on Lord Howe Island,” Professor Lo said.Lord Howe Island is home to many unique species.(Supplied: Sarah Oxenham)none

“They went for a walk to the north end to look at some of the habitat where Panesthia lata cockroaches might have been happy to stay.

“The very first rock they looked under they found cockroaches, which is very strange, as entomologists have been looking on the island for many decades and haven’t seen any at all.”

The researchers ended up finding families of the cockroaches, all under one banyan tree.

A genetically distinct species

Professor Lo said DNA work had confirmed the importance of the discovery.

“We sequenced their DNA and compared it with the DNA of cockroaches from Blackburn and so far, they seem different. The same species probably, but they seem to be a distinct population,” he said.

“It does seem this little population in the north end of the island has hung on over many decades. It’s exciting, they might be able to re-establish across the island over time.”

Lord Howe Island board chair Atticus Fleming said it was an exciting find.Scientists say the wood-feeding cockroach plays a role as an “ecosystem engineer” on Lord Howe Island.(Supplied: Justin Gilligan DPE)none

“Lord Howe Island really is a spectacular place. It’s older than the Galápagos Islands and is home to 1,600 native invertebrate species, half of which are found nowhere else in the world,” he said.

“These cockroaches are almost like our very own version of Darwin’s finches, separated on little islands over thousands or millions of years developing their own unique genetics.”

‘Charismatic’ cockroach ecologically important

Professor Lo said the native wood-eating cockroaches played an important environmental role.

“They are incredibly important nutrient recyclers, ecosystem engineers and as a food source for other species,” Professor Lo said.

He said the species also deserved a better rap than “common street roaches”.

“It doesn’t smell, it doesn’t run really quickly, it’s not scary. It’s actually quite charismatic, you can hold it in your hand,” he said.The wood-eating cockroach is relatively large.(Supplied: Justin Gilligan DPE)none

“It just hangs out in the forest. It does not go into people’s houses. It’s just out in the forest recycling the wood and leaf litter, to keep the forest healthy.

“That’s why we are interested in it, because it was so abundant before the rats wiped it out. We figure it was probably playing a pretty important ecological role on the island, also acting as food for a number of the bird and reptile species out there.” 

Professor Lo said there was still much to learn.

“This species lives for a long time, about seven or eight years, but doesn’t breed anywhere as quickly as your common street roaches,” he said.

“We are hoping to study their habitat, behaviours and genetics to learn more about how they managed to survive.”


#AceNewsDesk report ………..Published: Oct.09: 2022:

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Australian News


Tiwi Islands traditional owners win court challenge against gas company Santos’ massive Barossa offshore project

By Jacqueline Breen and Samantha Dick

A man stands on a beach looking past the camera, his hands on his hips and storm clouds gathering behind him.
Dennis Tipakalippa says he was not consulted about Santos’ Barossa project, which will run a gas pipeline through his family’s sea country.(Supplied: Rebecca Parker)

Tiwi Islands traditional owners have won a federal court challenge against Santos’ $4.7 billion Barossa gas project in the Timor Sea north of Darwin.

Key points:

  • Santos must maintain a pause on work on the project that began after the court challenge was filed
  • Traditional owners told the court they were concerned about the project’s potential damage to sites of cultural significance
  • The court ruled the regulator failed to assess whether Santos’ approval application showed it had consulted with all relevant parties

Environmental lawyers representing Munupi clan elder Dennis Tipakalippa argued the group was not properly consulted before approval for the project was granted by the federal regulator in February.

After a five day hearing, including a special on-country session where traditional songs and dances were performed as evidence in the case, federal court justice Mordecai Bromberg ruled that the project’s approval was invalid.

The ruling means the gas giant has to maintain a pause on work on the project that began after the court challenge was filed.

The Environment Defenders Office had argued the approval granted by the National Offshore Petroleum and Safety Environmental Management Authority (NOPSEMA) was unlawful.

A gas platform in the Timor Sea.
Santos has invested billions into the Barossa gas field in the Timor Sea.(Supplied: ConocoPhillips)

Lawyers for Mr Tipakalippa said Santos had not consulted with the Munupi clan and gave the Tiwi Land Council (TLC) insufficient information about the project.

Elders including Mr Tipakalippa and sea rangers from the Tiwi Islands told the court of their concerns about the project’s possible impacts on cultural and spiritual values as well as food sources and the marine environment.

Tiwi locals watch on during the on-country Federal Court hearing on the islands.
Members of the Munupi clan attended a court hearing on the Tiwi Islands earlier this year.(ABC News: Tristan Hooft)

The court ruled the regulator failed to assess whether the company’s approval application showed it had consulted with all relevant parties, as required by law.

It also said NOPSEMA did not consider some material in the application that it was required to assess.

‘A huge victory’

Environment Defenders Office Special Counsel Alina Leikin said the ruling was a “huge victory for the Munupi Clan and a testament to their strength and dedication in the face of one of the biggest mining companies in the country”.

“It will have national and global implications for consultation with First Nations peoples on mining projects,” she said. 

“Today’s decision puts oil and gas companies on notice.

“It sets a new standard about the consultation that companies are required to conduct with First Nations peoples before drilling in the sea.”

Santos's Darwin LNG plant is seen from overhead at dusk.
Santos says the decision is damaging for investor confidence in Australia.(Supplied: Santos Limited)

Senior Munupi traditional owner and lead plaintiff Dennis Tipakalippa told the ABC he was “the happiest man alive”.

“I had to stand up, especially with the drilling that was going to go ahead,” he said. 

“I’m just doing it for my ancestors, and I’m doing it for my future generations, and with this result today, I’m very happy.”

Mr Tipakalippa said he would host a big community celebration tonight, featuring a traditional ceremony and dance.

an aboriginal man squeezing the hand of a young woman in celebration
Dennis Tipakalippa says he is “over the moon”.(Supplied: Environment Centre NT)

Santos ‘disappointed’, calls for full court review

In a statement, Santos said the decision was disappointing and damaging for investor confidence in Australia.

A sandy beach on Melville Island, part of the Tiwi Islands.
A special on-country session took place at  Pitjimirra on the Tiwi Islands at the start of the hearing.(ABC News: Tristan Hooft)

“As a result of the decision, the drilling activities will be suspended pending a favourable appeal outcome or the approval of a fresh Environment Plan,” the statement read.

Court sits on remote island in gasfield fightTraditional owners on the remote Tiwi Islands have given evidence in a special beachside federal court hearing, in a bid to stop a major Santos gas project from going ahead.Read more

“Given the significance of this decision to us, our international joint venture partners and customers, and the industry more broadly, we consider that it should be reviewed by the Full Federal Court on appeal.”

The company said it had engaged with the Tiwi Land Council and Northern Land Council about the proposed project, and that NOPSEMA “accepted our efforts to consult with Tiwi Islanders” when it accepted the environmental plan.

The statement said the project is currently 46 per cent complete and there is “headroom” in the cost contingencies for the project.

It finished with a warning to governments.

“Project approval uncertainty is a public policy issue that should be urgently addressed by Australian governments to reduce risk for trade and investment in projects around the country,” the statement said.

“Santos appreciates the strong support from our Japanese and Korean joint venture partners, who have, in good faith, and on the back of Australia’s historical reputation as a safe and stable investment destination, invested in this project.”