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(AUSTRALIA) TRIBUTE: 40th Anniversary of Royal Flying Doctors (RFDS) Pilot Report: The family of a pilot who died in a horrific crash while on a flight to save an infant child has remembered him as “brave” and a “mischievous brother” #AceHistoryDesk report

#AceHistoryReport – May.02: A former fighter pilot with the Indian Air Force, Turner was one of the most experienced pilots in Australia after clocking up nearly 23,000 hours across more than three decades in the cockpit:

‘Brave’ Flying Doctor pilot remembered on 40th anniversary of deadliest crash in RFDS history: In what ranks as the worst disaster in the 93-year history of RFDS, pilot Arthur Turner, flight nurse Judith Osborne, passenger Alexander Coxall and 18-month-old patient Stephen Lane died in the crash at Kalgoorlie on this day in 1981 and a 16-year-old girl was the sole survivor.

updated Yesterday at 8:23am

The front page of an old newspaper from 1981 featuring a story about a plane crash.
The front page of the Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper in the aftermath of the 1981 crash. (Supplied: City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder)
Audrey Hitchcock holding a photograph of her brother
Audrey Hitchcock, 94, holding a photograph of her late brother, pilot Arthur Turner.  (Supplied: David MacLeod)

Turner’s 94-year-old sister, Audrey Hitchcock, said her family never got over his death.

She lives in Perth and, in lieu of presents, on her birthday every year she asks family and friends to donate to the RFDS in her brother’s memory.

“It was very devastating … it was a shock to all of us,” Mrs Hitchcock said.

“He loved it [flying] … I think he would have been devastated if he had to give up flying.

“He was very brave … and he was a mischievous brother.”

Turner had flown the twin-engine Navajo aircraft to Warburton in West Australia’s remote Ngaanyatjarra Lands for a refuelling stop, before continuing to Jameson.

The return flight to Kalgoorlie was on the approach just after dark when it was hit by a freak storm.

Amid lightning and severe turbulence, the plane’s left-wing struck the 35-metre-high headframe at the Chaffers gold mine.

Wreckage was strewn over a large area and parts of the aircraft could be seen wedged in the headframe.

A memorial stone for a flight crew which died in a crash, including a nurse whose face is sculpted in a metal cast.
Four people died in the crash, including flight nurse Judith Osborne, whose image is reflected on a memorial outside the Kalgoorlie RFDS base.  (ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)

Family fled home in war

Born in Burma, Turner’s family had to evacuate their home of Rangoon during World War II in 1942 to escape the invading Japanese.

The family fled with one suitcase and caught one of the last flights out, saving them from having to make a trek over mountains. They lived in Bangalore.

“It was a horrendous because we didn’t know which way to turn,” Mrs Hitchcock said.

A black and white image of a military officer in his uniform.
Arthur Turner was a fighter pilot in the Indian Air Force.  (Supplied: David MacLeod)
A document certifying a pilot's licence to fly certain aircraft, including his photograph and signature.
Arthur Turner was issued a commercial pilot’s license at Rangoon, now known as Yangon in Myanmar, in 1952.  (ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)

Mr Turner was finishing high school at the time and the former choir boy and amateur boxer enlisted in the Indian Air Force as a crewman before volunteering to become a pilot.

“It just fell into his lap – I don’t think he ever thought about becoming a pilot in those days,” Mrs Hitchcock said.

“After he finished his career with the air force he came back to Burma and became a commercial pilot.

“He lived for flying.”

A black and white image of a group of military men in their uniforms in front of a fighter plane.
Arthur Turner (back row, fifth from right) during his days as a fighter pilot.  (Supplied: RFDS)
A black and white image of a World War Two fighter pilot in uniform.
Arthur Turner was a fighter pilot who flew Spitfires and Hurricanes for the Indian Air Force during World War Two.  (Supplied: David MacLeod)

Flight logs show he flew Spitfires and Hurricanes as a fighter pilot while serving in the air force from 1942 to 1950.

It was a period of major upheaval for India, which declared independence from British rule in 1947.

Turner is also believed to have seen action as a pilot during the Kashmir War in 1947 and 1948 between India and Pakistan.

“He never did talk about his war service – I think he kept that all away from us,” Mrs Hitchcock said.

The family immigrated to Australia in 1964 and Turner joined them in 1966.

An elderly woman is embraced lovingly by her nephew outside her house.
Arthur Turner’s sister Audrey Hitchcock and her nephew David MacLeod both have fond memories of the pilot.  (Supplied: David MacLeod)

Mr Turner’s nephew David MacLeod, 66, said he had a larrikin’s persona and while he never married, it was well known among friends and family that he was something of a ladies’ man.

“If you put together the fact he was good looking, a pilot, bachelor, what do you get?” Mr MacLeod said.

“He was a nice man who had a good time and loved life.

“He was a joker, he had a great sense of humour and loved just having fun.”

A man standing next to a podium at a rotary club event.
Arthur Turner was a beloved member of the Kalgoorlie community.  (Supplied: David MacLeod)

Pain lingers decades on

Four decades later the emotions have still been raw for people who were devastated by the crash.

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Kevin O’Dwyer, now 77 and living in Esperance, was studying to become a commercial pilot at the time.

Turner was his instructor at the Kalgoorlie-Boulder Aero Club.

Mr O’Dwyer was waiting for Turner to return so he could tell him about a national award he had won after news had come through hours earlier, but instead, he was asked to identify the bodies after the crash.

“Arthur was a very experienced pilot and someone we all looked up to … I would have let him fly me anywhere,” Mr O’Dwyer said.

“It was a real kick in the guts and I never really flew much after that.”

A copy of an old report into a plane crash.
The official report said witnesses reported seeing the aircraft enter dust clouds and suddenly lose altitude.    (Supplied: Eastern Goldfields Historical Society)

Former Federal politician Mick Cotter, now retired and has been living in Northam, served on the national council of the RFDS for 26 years and was about to board a plane to Perth when he heard about the crash.

The downed RFDS plane was named the Judy Cotter in honour of his wife who had died a few months before the accident.

“I still think about it … it takes a bit of getting over,” Mr Cotter said.

“But on that occasion, in the environment they were in, there was very little that could have been done to save the plane.”

An elderly man with grey hair standing at an airfield with planes in the background..
The plane which crashed was named after Mick Cotter’s wife.  (ABC Midwest and Wheatbelt: Samille Mitchell)

Another person devastated by the crash was David Horsley, a close friend of Turner who ran a business that maintained the RFDS fleet.

He was relieved when crash investigators allowed the wreckage to be buried in an area that has now been swallowed up by Kalgoorlie’s Super Pit gold mine.

“We knew when the air safety investigators allowed that, that they were quite happy that there were no mechanical problems with the aircraft,” Mr Horsley said.

A man with grey hair and a beard standing at an aerodrome next to an old propeller blade.
David Horsley was heavily involved in the aviation industry in the Goldfields for decades.   (ABC Midwest and Wheatbelt: Samille Mitchell)

His personal grief was compounded by his other job as a journalist.

“What made it even tougher still was I was also working part-time at the ABC as the early morning newsreader and breakfast announcer,” Mr Horsley said.

“The next morning, I had to read the news item that the plane has crashed, and Arthur Turner was the pilot.

“I think it was the most difficult news item I’ve ever read in my life.”

‘It’s our flying doctor’

Former Federal MP Tony Crook was a young pastoralist working near Kalgoorlie at the time and Turner was his flight instructor.

Mr Crook went on to serve as the RFDS national president for four years between 1999 and 2002 and has vivid memories of the “freak storm” which brought the plane down.

A man in a collared business shirt and jeans next to a memorial for a RFDS crew.
Tony Crook reflects at the memorial outside the Kalgoorlie base. (ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)

“I was driving into Kalgoorlie and the storm was almost here,” he said.

“Lightning and massive winds … it blew my old Falcon ute all over the place.

“The RFDS has an outstanding safety record, we go by the grace of God in many circumstances.

“In this particular instance, if the aircraft had been 10 minutes either side of that storm, with an experienced pilot at the stick like Arthur Turner, the aircraft probably would have got in. 

“It’s just a tragic set of circumstances which ended up in these really sad fatalities.”

A memorial plaque listing the names of four people who died in a plane crash.
A memorial outside the Kalgoorlie RFDS base pays tribute to the four people who died in the crash.  (ABC Goldfields: Jarrod Lucas)

Mr Crook’s tenure as national president also saw the only other fatal crash in the 93-year history of the RFDS.

That crash, on approach to Mt Gambier in South Australia in December 2001, killed the pilot but the nurse walked from the wreckage.

Mr Crook said the fatal crash affected him deeply.

A young woman wearing glasses in an old photograph from the 1970s.
Flight nurse Judith Osborne was originally from England.  (Supplied: RFDS)

“To get a call at four o’clock in the morning to say that an RFDS aircraft has crashed, it leaves you very very hollow,” he said.

“That whole scenario of informing family and the impact it has on the service and the impact it has on the community is really quite profound.

“There’s a high level of ownership of the flying doctor — it’s our flying doctor — so when an incident like this happens, it really affects the whole community.”

A man standing next to a jet airplane.
Drazen Tolic says aviation safety standards have improved significantly.  (Supplied: RFDS)

Safety standards, training has improved

Drazen Tolic oversees pilot training for the RFDS’ Western Operations and says aviation safety standards and training methods have improved significantly.

He said RFDS pilots were some of the best in the world, flying more than 27 million kilometres last year.

“That equates to about 82,000 hours of flying Australia-wide, over 23 bases, and we have one of the largest fleets in the country at the moment with 79 aircraft,” Mr Tolic said.

“Safety is at the forefront of everything we do. There’s been a lot that has changed in the last 40 years.”

#AceHistoryDesk report ………Published: May.02: 2021:

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